Ultrasound Case 103 Fire and Brimstone

Presentation

A 38 year old woman presents with midcycle LIF pain. It is colicky and you are asked to scan her pelvis.

Ultrasound Case 103 Image 1 Normal left kidney
View 2: Transverse Bladder
Ultrasound Case 103 Image 2 Normal left jet
View 3: Left mid ureter
View 4: Left mid ureter with colour Doppler

Describe and interpret these scans

IMAGE INTERPRETATION

Image 1: Left kidney. Normal left kidney with no hydronephrosis.

Image 2: Transverse Bladder. Normal left ureteric jet; this excludes a completely obstructing ureteric calculus, but sometimes a stone does not cause complete ureteric obstruction.

Image 3: Left mid ureter. The ureter crosses the iliac vessels at the pelvic brim. A 5mm echogenic shadow casting lesion is seen within the lumen of a slightly distended ureter. The cause of her pain is ureteric colic.

Image 4: With colour Doppler the vessels are interrogated. Flow is demonstrated in the iliac vessels, not in the ureter, and the stone demonstrates “twinkle” artefact.

Ultrasound Case 103 Image 5 Key to image 4
Key to Image 4

CLINICAL CORRELATION

Left ureteric colic

Renal stones generally cause symptoms when they pass into the ureter. They are known to get stuck at three points – the pelvi-ureteric junction (PUJ), the mid ureter at the pelvic brim as the ureter crosses the iliac vessels, and distally at the vesico-ureteric junction (VUJ).

In this case the stone is seen at the mid ureter.

Ultrasound technique: I always search for the mid ureter in patients with suspected renal colic. With the probe placed in the saggital plane I slide the probe along the iliac vessels from origin to groin. A dilated ureter will be seen as a hypoechoic tubular structure running obliquely over the iliac vessels at their mid point. A non dilated normal ureter is usually not seen.


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An Emergency physician based in Perth, Western Australia. Professionally my passion lies in integrating advanced diagnostic and procedural ultrasound into clinical assessment and management of the undifferentiated patient. Sharing hard fought knowledge with innovative educational techniques to ensure knowledge translation and dissemination is my goal. Family, wild coastlines, native forests, and tinkering in the shed fills the rest of my contented time. | SonoCPDUltrasound library | Top 100 | @thesonocave |

One comment

  1. Thank you so much for these amazing learning cases!! For those of us just learning POCUS, photos of probe placement would be so wonderfully helpful 🙂

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