James Douglas (1675 – 1742) was a Scottish physician and anatomist.
- Born 21 March 1675
- 1694 – MA, University of Edinburgh
- Physician Extraordinary to Queen Caroline
- Died 2 April 1742
Pouch of Douglas (1930)
[aka recto-uterine pouch; recto-vaginal pouch; utero-rectal pouch; Douglas cul-de-sac; ]
Where the peritonaeum leaves the foreside of the rectum, it makes an angle, and changes its course upwards and forwards over the Bladder: and a little above this angle, there is a remarkable transverse stricture or semioval fold of the Peritonaeum, which I have constantly observed for many years past, especially in women.Douglas 1730: 37-38
Douglas supported all his statements by carefully dissected anatomical preparations which he preserved in his home and allowed anybody to view. Contemporary English physician, Dr John Freind (1675 – 1728), wrote at the time of these preparations:
One ought to see the curious preparations of that diligent and accurate anatomist Dr Douglas, who is the first who has given us any true idea of the peritoneumFreind 1725; 1: 172
Key Medical Contributions
- Douglas J. Lilium sarniense: or, a description of the Guernsay-lilly. 1725
- Douglas J. The history of the lateral operation: or an account of the method of extracting a stone, by making a wound near the great protuberance of the os ischium. 1726
- Douglas J. Arbor Yemensis fructum cofè ferens: or, A description and history of the coffee tree. 1727
- Douglas J. Description of the Peritonaeum and Of That Part Of the Membrana Cellularis Which Lies On Its Outside. 1730
- Douglas J. An appendix to the history of the lateral operation for the stone. Containing Mr. Cheselden’s present method of performing it. 1731
- Douglas J. Myographiae comparatae specimen, or, A comparative description of all the muscles in a man, and in a quadruped. 1750 [revised 2e 1775]
- Freind J. The history of physick. 1725; 1: 172
- Bryn Thomas K. James Douglas of the pouch, 1675-1742. Br Med J. 1960;1(5186):1649-1650.
- Brock H. James Douglas of the Pouch. Med Hist. 1974;18(2):162-172.
- Koutsouflianiotis KN, Paraskevas GK, Kalitsa N, Iliou K, Noussios G. The Anatomist James Douglas (1675-1742): His Life and Scientific Work. Cureus. 2019;11(1):e3919.
- Bibliography. Douglas, James 1675-1742. WorldCat Identities
- Buttner R, Lee J. De-eponymising anatomical terminology. 2020
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