Rosenbach disease

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1873 – Tilbury Fox (1836-1879) first to describe what is now generally designated as erysipeloid. In 1873 Fox briefly described two instances of an eruption clinically conforming with that disease.

1873William Morrant Baker (1839-1896) under the name of erythema serpens described a number of cases occurring exclusively on the hands of cooks and butchers, and on those handling game and rabbit skins. His description of the eruption was essentially the same that Rosenbach subsequently described

1884Rosenbach designated the eruption as erysipeloid first in 1884 and then in 1887. He described the eruption as an erysipelas- like affection, frequently encountered in cooks, kitchen workers, butchers and those who handle game and fish, and in shopkeepers who handle cheese or herring, manifesting itself chiefly about the fingers and hands, and characterized by a slowly progressing, sharply defined, slightly elevated, dark violaceous, almost livid red zone which develops around the site of inoculation. The area of redness extends peripherally as the control portion fades away without desquamation. The eruption is accompanied by a sensation of burning, pricking or itching, without constitutional symptoms or involvement of the lymphatics or glands. Spontaneous recovery usually ensues in one, two or three weeks.

1904 – Thomas Caspar Gilchrist (1862-1927). The disease is most frequently seen during the period from May to September. Invariably, the infection can be traced to contact (in many cases through a puncture wound) with dead animal matter of divers nature, and in all but six of his 329 cases, to crab bites or other contact with crabs.

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BA MA (Oxon) MBChB (Edin) FACEM FFSEM. Emergency physician, Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital.  Passion for rugby; medical history; medical education; and asynchronous learning #FOAMed evangelist. Co-founder and CTO of Life in the Fast lane | Eponyms | Books | Twitter |

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