Brown snake is the most common culprit for severe envenomations in Australia. It classically causes a Venom-induced consumptive coagulopathy (VICC) or a partial VICC (20% of envenoming). In a few cases Brown snakes are responsible for collapse and in approximately 5% of those envenomed cardiac arrest, the exact mechanism is unknown but probably secondary direct cardiotoxicity
Brown Snake antivenom (equine IgG Fab) can be used to treat envenomation from the brown snakes in Australia, these include the eastern and western brown snake (gwardar), dugite and other Pseudonaja species
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