Jean Alfred Fournier

Alfred Jean Fournier (1832-1914)

JeanAlfred Fournier (1832-1914) was a French dermatologist.

Fournier was the first French syphilologist; the first professor of cutaneous and syphilitic diseases at the Paris Faculty of Medicine; and a most prominent European dermatovereologist

He specialised in congenital syphillis, stressing the importance of syphilis as a cause of degenerative diseases and parasyphilitic conditions

Keen Medical historian Fournier translated and re-published works on ‘Le Mal francais‘ (The French Evil  – Syphillis) by authors including Girolamo Fracastoro (1478–1553); Jean de Vigo (1460–1525)

  • Born 12 May 1832
  • 1857 – Intern, Hôpital du Midi under Philippe Ricord (1800–1889) [co-authoring Lectures on chancre]
  • 1863 – Médecine des hôpitaux, Hôpital du Midi
  • 1867 – Hôtel-Dieu de Paris
  • 1876 – Chef de service at the Hôpital Saint-Louis
  • 1880 – Member of the Académie de Médecine
  • Died 25 December 1914

Medical Eponyms
Fournier gangrene (1883)

Fournier gangrene – a fulminant polymicrobial necrotizing fasciitis affecting the perineal or genital regions

Other eopnyms
  • Fournier sign (1891) – scars on the mouth following the healing of lesions in congenital syphilis.
  • Fournier tibia (1891) Fusiform thickening and anterior bowing of the tibia in congenital syphilis.
  • Reactive arthritis (1868)

Major Publications



Eponymous terms


the person behind the name

Emergency physician MA (Oxon) MBChB (Edin) FACEM FFSEM with a passion for rugby; medical history; medical education; and asynchronous learning #FOAMed evangelist. Co-founder and CTO of Life in the Fast lane | Eponyms | Books | Twitter |

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