Jean Alfred Fournier

Alfred Jean Fournier (1832-1914)

JeanAlfred Fournier (1832-1914) was a French dermatologist.

Fournier was the first French syphilologist; the first professor of cutaneous and syphilitic diseases at the Paris Faculty of Medicine; and a most prominent European dermatovereologist

He specialised in congenital syphillis, stressing the importance of syphilis as a cause of degenerative diseases and parasyphilitic conditions

Keen Medical historian Fournier translated and re-published works on ‘Le Mal francais‘ (The French Evil  – Syphillis) by authors including Girolamo Fracastoro (1478–1553); Jean de Vigo (1460–1525)

  • Born 12 May 1832
  • 1857 – Intern, Hôpital du Midi under Philippe Ricord (1800–1889) [co-authoring Lectures on chancre]
  • 1863 – Médecine des hôpitaux, Hôpital du Midi
  • 1867 – Hôtel-Dieu de Paris
  • 1876 – Chef de service at the Hôpital Saint-Louis
  • 1880 – Member of the Académie de Médecine
  • Died 25 December 1914

Medical Eponyms
Fournier gangrene (1883)

Fournier gangrene – a fulminant polymicrobial necrotizing fasciitis affecting the perineal or genital regions

Other eopnyms
  • Fournier sign (1891) – scars on the mouth following the healing of lesions in congenital syphilis.
  • Fournier tibia (1891) Fusiform thickening and anterior bowing of the tibia in congenital syphilis.
  • Reactive arthritis (1868)

Major Publications



Eponymous terms


the person behind the name

Bsc (Hons) MD from the University of Western Australia. Born and raised in Perth, Western Australia and currently working as a Urology Registrar within WA Health. Has a keen interest in health, fitness and water based sports.

Associate Professor Curtin Medical School, Curtin University. Emergency physician MA (Oxon) MBChB (Edin) FACEM FFSEM Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital.  Passion for rugby; medical history; medical education; and asynchronous learning #FOAMed evangelist. Co-founder and CTO of Life in the Fast lane | Eponyms | Books | Twitter |

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