Carlo Mondini

Carlo Mondini (1729-1803)

Carlo Mondini (1729 – 1803) was an Italian anatomist and physician.

Described an abnormality of the inner ear associated with bilateral congenital deafness in an 8 year old boy in 1791 (Mondini deformity)

Mondini as well as dissecting and described the hearing organ of deaf persons, he further defined the structure of the eye; diverticulum of the intestine; Ascaris; fish gills and eels ovaries.


  • Born 5 November 1729 Bologna, Italy
  • 1752 – Assistant in the Ospedale di Santa Maria della Morte
  • 1757 – Doctor of philosophy and medicine,
  • 1782 – Chair of anatomy, Bologna (when Luigi Galvani (1737–1798) was appointed professor of obstetrics
  • Died 4 September 1803 Bologna, Italy

Medical Eponyms

Mondini deformity (1791) [Mondini cochlea; Mondini dysplasia] – deformity of the inner ear characterised by reduced coiling of the cochlea. Often associated with the sensorineural deafness of Pendred syndrome (1896). Mondini original description included:

1) a cochlea of one-and-one-half turns instead of the normal two-and-one-half turns, comprising a normal basal turn and a cystic apex in place of the distal one-and-one-half turns; 2) an enlarged vestibule with normal semicircular canals; and 3) an enlarged vestibular aqueduct containing a dilated endolymphatic sac.

Mondini, 1791

Mondini deafness – Congenital deafness.

Key Medical Attributions

1777 – Working on eel reproduction, Mondini discovered the location of eel ovaries…

Major Publications

  • Mondini C. De auris surdi nati anatome. [Born Deaf Ear Anatomy] In: De Bononiensi Scientiarum et Artium Instituto atque Academia Commentarii. 1791;7:28-29
  • Mondini C. Anatomica surdi nati sectio. [The Anatomic Section of a Boy Born Deaf] In: De Bononiensi Scientiarum et Artium Instituto atque Academia Commentarii. 1791;7:419-431.


  • Alternative name: Caroli Mundini


BA MA (Oxon) MBChB (Edin) FACEM FFSEM. Emergency physician, Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital.  Passion for rugby; medical history; medical education; and asynchronous learning #FOAMed evangelist. Co-founder and CTO of Life in the Fast lane | Eponyms | Books | Twitter |

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