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Category Renal Medicine
CCC Critical Care compendium 340

Acute Kidney Injury

AKI is the entire spectrum of disease (mild -> severe), and can be defined as an abrupt (1 to 7 days) and sustained (more than 24 hours) decrease in kidney function. Mortality of critically patients with acute renal failure is high (50%–60%)
CCC Critical Care compendium 340

RIFLE Criteria and AKIN Classification

AKI can be defined as an abrupt (1 to 7 days) and sustained (more than 24 hours) decrease in kidney function. The ADQI formulated the RIFLE criteria in 2004 to allow for AKI to be objectively and uniformly defined.
CCC Critical Care compendium 340

Renal Transplant Patient

Renal Transplant; commonest transplant; anastamosed to common iliac artery and vein in the pelvis. the ureter is plumbed into the bladder; allows ease of access for palpation and biopsy
CCC Critical Care compendium 340

Hepatorenal Syndrome

Hepatorenal Syndrome = profound oliguria and Na+ retention in the setting of severe liver dysfunction (cirrhosis or fulminant liver failure); usually fatal unless liver transplant performed. RRT can prevent advancement of condition
CCC Critical Care compendium 340

Urosepsis

Urosepsis is a severe infection, distinguishing it from other urinary tract infections including mild pyelonephritis and accounts for ~5% of severe sepsis; whereas UTIs account for ~40% of nosocomial infections