1818 – John Cheyne
1854 – William Stokes
1953 – On March 4th 1953, the Soviet press announced that Joseph Stalin was ill and had ‘Cheyne-Stokes respiration‘. The following day he died.
- Cheyne J. A case of apoplexy in which the fleshy part of the heart was converted into fat. Dublin Hospital Reports. 1818;2:216-223. [Cheyne-Stokes Respiration] [Reprinted: Cardiac Classics. 1941;1:317-320]
- Stokes W. Fatty degeneration of the heart. In: The Diseases of the heart and the aorta. 1854:302-340
- Gessen M. “The Death of Stalin” Captures the Terrifying Absurdity of a Tyrant. The New Yorker. March 6 2018