Dmitry Alekseyevich Arapov

Dmitry Alekseyevich Arapov

Dmitry Alekseyevich Arapov (Дмитрий Алексеевич Арапов) (1897 – 1984) was a Russian military surgeon.

Arapov commented on the development of anaerobic infection he observed in conflict. He observed that ‘anaerobic infection can develop when fragments of artillery shells, air bombs and hand grenades with extensive damage to tissues and contamination of their earth, fragments of ammunition, linen, etc., are injured by fragments‘.

The author of the monographs “Gas gangrene” (1940), “Inhalation anesthesia” (1949), more than a two hundred scientific works

Described Arapov contracture as a reflex contraction of the right hip joint in acute appendicitis in 1968


Biography
  • Born 7 November 1897, Moscow, Russia
  • 1929 – Emergency Physician
  • 1949 – Doctor of Medical Sciences
  • 1950 – Chief Surgeon of the USSR Navy
  • 1953 – Corresponding Member of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences
  • 1959 – Honored Scientist of the Russian SFSR
  • Died June 14 1984, Moscow, Russia

Medical Eponyms
Arapov Contracture (1968)

Reflex contraction of the right hip joint in acute appendicitis. Pain induced reflex contraction of the right hip joint in acute appendicitis


Key Medical Attributions:

Arapov commented on the development of anaerobic infection he observed in conflict. He observed that ‘anaerobic infection can develop when fragments of artillery shells, air bombs and hand grenades with extensive damage to tissues and contamination of their earth, fragments of ammunition, linen, etc., are injured by fragments‘.

In the course of the Great Patriotic War, 490 wounded D. A. Arapov noted an anaerobic infection with fission injuries in 75.2% of cases, and for bullet – 22.5%. He observed a large number of complications of anaerobic infection when mines, grenades and fragments of aerial bombs were wounded.

Арапов Д. А. “Газовая гангрена”, 1940 г.

  • In his 1949 monograph “Inhalational anesthesia” Arapov suggested that in order to prevent shock the use of nitrous oxide (gas anesthesia) on ambulances would be prudent.

Арапов Д. А. “Ингаляционный наркоз”, 1949 г.

  • For several years in co-authorship, in his book “Tracheostomy as a treatment method for emergency conditions” he described the main contraindications and indications for tracheostomy at the prehospital stage.

Арапов Д. А., Исаков Ю. В. “Трахеостомия как лечебный метод при неотложных состояниях”, 1964 г.


Major Publications
  • Арапов Д. А. Газовая гангрена. – Москва ; Ленинград : Медгиз, 1940.
  • Арапов Д. А. Ингаляционный наркоз. – Москва : Медгиз, 1949.
  • Арапов Д. А., Исаков Ю. В. Трахеостомия как лечебный метод при неотложных состояниях. – Москва : Медицина, 1964.
  • Arapov D.A. Anaerobic wound infections. Medgiz, Moscow 1950.
  • Arapov D.A, Isakov Iu.V. Indications and contra-indications for tracheostomy in some types of respiratory disorders. Grudn. Khir. 1961; 3: 105-11.
  • Arapov D.A., Simonian K.S., Kaplan B.S. Paradoxes of acute appendicitis. Vestn. Khir. Im. II Grek. 1968; 101(11): 22-26.
  • Arapov D.A., Potemkin N.T., Tsarev N.I., Bratanchuk B.F., Pugachev A.F. Acute appendicitis. Voen. Med. Zh. 1973; 3: 33-6.

References

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