Étienne Esquirol

Jean Étienne Dominique Esquirol (1772 - 1840)

Jean Étienne Dominique Esquirol (1772 – 1840) was a French psychiatrist.

Author of the two volume classic Des maladies mentales, the first modern French textbook on psychiatry, notable for its striking illustrations of the insane (Plates I-XXV).

Esquirol anticipated modern views in his suggestion that some mental illnesses may be caused by emotional disturbances rather than by organic brain damage.

  • Born 3 February 1772
  • Died 12 December 1840

Medical Eponyms

Key Medical Attributions

Major Publications
Esquirol 1838 Plate XIII Des maladies mentales
Plate XIII. Esquirol. Des maladies mentales 1838; Engraving by Ambroise Tardieu



BA MA (Oxon) MBChB (Edin) FACEM FFSEM. Emergency physician, Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital.  Passion for rugby; medical history; medical education; and asynchronous learning #FOAMed evangelist. Co-founder and CTO of Life in the Fast lane | Eponyms | Books | Twitter |

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