Friedrich Daniel von Recklinghausen

Friedrich Daniel von Recklinghausen (1833 – 1910)

Friedrich Daniel von Recklinghausen (1833 – 1910) was a German pathologist.

von Recklinghausen studied pathology under Rudolf Virchow and provided important early descriptions of clinical conditions including haemochromatosis; bone lesions in hyperparathyroidism; and spina bifida.

Eponymously affiliated with von Recklinghausen disease (neurofibromatosis NF-1); von Recklinghausen tumor (adenoleiomyofibroma); and von Recklinghausen canals (lymphatic canaliculi).


  • Born 2 December 1833 Gütersloh, Westphalia
  • 1855 – MD
  • 1858-1864 – Assistant, Institute for Pathology run by Rudolf Virchow
  • Died 26 August 1910

Key Medical Attributions

  • Neurofibromatosis
  • Spina bifida
  • Haemochromatosis
  • Bone lesions in hyperparathyroidism

Medical Eponyms

  • Engel-von Recklinghausen syndrome (1864, 1889) [archaic]. Bone disorder with skeletal deformation seen in advanced hyperparathyroidism. Presence of ‘brown tumours’ deeply pigmented foci consisting of fibrous scarring of the bone with pseudocysts, haemorrhages, and collection of osteoclasts. Commonly presents with fractures, bowing of long bones and often gross deformities of the spine and chest.
  • von Recklinhausen tumour (1896) adenoleiomyofibroma on wall of the posterior uterine wall.
  • von Recklinghausen canals (1862) – the lymph canaliculi
  • von Recklinghausen disease (1882) [Neurofibromatosis type I (NF-1]

Major Publications


  • Councilman WT. Friedrich Daniel Von Recklinghausen (1833-1910). Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. 1918;53:872-873
  • Brand RA. Biographical Sketch: Friedrich Daniel von Recklinghausen, MD (1833–1910). Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2011; 469(5): 1225–1226. [PMC3069293]

eponymictionary CTA 2


the person behind the name

BA MA (Oxon) MBChB (Edin) FACEM FFSEM. Emergency physician, Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital.  Passion for rugby; medical history; medical education; and asynchronous learning #FOAMed evangelist. Co-founder and CTO of Life in the Fast lane | Eponyms | Books | Twitter |

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