Garrett Pipkin

Francis Garrett Pipkin (1904-1981)

Francis Garrett Pipkin (1904-1981) was an American orthopedic surgeon

Kansas City based orthopedic surgeon, co-founder and former president of the Spectators Orthopedic Correspondence Club

Eponymously affiliated with the Pipkin classification of femoral head fractures (1957) commonly associated with hip fracture-dislocations

  • Born on Jun 22, 1904 at Kansas City, USA
  • Medical graduate of Washington University, St. Louis
  • Orthopedic surgeon in Kansas City at St. Joseph Hospital, Kansas City General Hospital, Baptist Memorial Hospital and Trinity Lutheran Hospital.
  • Major in the Army Medical Corps during World War II
  • 1947 – Founding member of Association of Bone and Joint Surgeons
  • 1950 – President of Association of Bone and Joint Surgeons
  • Died on August 14, 1981

Medical Eponyms
Pipkin classification of femoral head fracture (1957)

Femoral head fractures are relatively uncommon and are typically associated with hip dislocations after severe high-impact trauma such as a motor vehicle collision. Hip fracture-dislocations are clinical emergencies requiring immediate reduction to prevent osteonecrosis. The Pipkin classification system is the most-frequently used system for classification of femoral head fractures.

Pipkin analysed a group of 25 cases (cases of his own and those of colleagues) and developed his fractures classification system of femoral head fractures (4 Types)

  • Type I: Femoral head fracture inferior (distal) to fovea.
  • Type II: Femoral head fracture superior (proximal) to fovea.
  • Type III: Type I/II femoral head fracture AND fracture of femoral neck.
  • Type IV: Type I/II femoral head fracture AND fracture of acetabulum, most commonly the posterior wall

Major Publications



Eponymous terms



the person behind the name

Dr Conor O'Reilly, MB BCh BAO BComm, University College Dublin / Dublin City University, Ireland. In Australia working in Emergency Medicine with an interest in Sports medicine

BA MA (Oxon) MBChB (Edin) FACEM FFSEM. Emergency physician, Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital.  Passion for rugby; medical history; medical education; and asynchronous learning #FOAMed evangelist. Co-founder and CTO of Life in the Fast lane | Eponyms | Books | Twitter |

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