Francis Garrett Pipkin (1904-1981) was an American orthopedic surgeon
Kansas City based orthopedic surgeon, co-founder and former president of the Spectators Orthopedic Correspondence Club
Eponymously affiliated with the Pipkin classification of femoral head fractures (1957) commonly associated with hip fracture-dislocations
- Born on Jun 22, 1904 at Kansas City, USA
- Medical graduate of Washington University, St. Louis
- Orthopedic surgeon in Kansas City at St. Joseph Hospital, Kansas City General Hospital, Baptist Memorial Hospital and Trinity Lutheran Hospital.
- Major in the Army Medical Corps during World War II
- 1947 – Founding member of Association of Bone and Joint Surgeons
- 1950 – President of Association of Bone and Joint Surgeons
- Died on August 14, 1981
Femoral head fractures are relatively uncommon and are typically associated with hip dislocations after severe high-impact trauma such as a motor vehicle collision. Hip fracture-dislocations are clinical emergencies requiring immediate reduction to prevent osteonecrosis. The Pipkin classification system is the most-frequently used system for classification of femoral head fractures.
Pipkin analysed a group of 25 cases (cases of his own and those of colleagues) and developed his fractures classification system of femoral head fractures (4 Types)
- Type I: Femoral head fracture inferior (distal) to fovea.
- Type II: Femoral head fracture superior (proximal) to fovea.
- Type III: Type I/II femoral head fracture AND fracture of femoral neck.
- Type IV: Type I/II femoral head fracture AND fracture of acetabulum, most commonly the posterior wall
- Pipkin FG. Congenital dislocation of hips; home treatment. Mo Med. 1954; 51(1): 29-33.
- Pipkin FG. Management of suppurative arthritis complicating artificial hips. Clin Orthop. 1955; 6: 126-40
- Pipkin FG. Treatment of grade IV fracture-dislocation of the hip. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1957; 39(5): 1027-42
- Pipkin USA – Dr F. Garret Pipkin Obituary. August 17 1981.
- NLMID 101426292. U.S. National Library of Medicine, 1951 [Pipkin Portrait]
- Bartoníček J, Rammelt S. History of femoral head fracture and coronal fracture of the femoral condyles. Int Orthop. 2015; 39(6): 1245-50.
- Romeo NM. Classifications in Brief: The Pipkin Classification of Femoral Head Fractures. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2018; 476(5): 1114–1119.
the person behind the name
BA MA (Oxon) MBChB (Edin) FACEM FFSEM. Associate Professor Curtin Medical School, Curtin University. Emergency physician, Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital. Passion for rugby; medical history; medical education; and asynchronous learning #FOAMed evangelist. Co-founder and CTO of Life in the Fast lane | Eponyms | Books | Twitter |