Georges C. Noulis (1849-1919) was a Greek surgeon.
Noulis, wrote a thesis entitled “Sprains of the knee” in which he described with great precision the role of the ACL and how to test its integrity on the knee in extension. On May 3, 1875, he defended his thesis before a committee at the University of Paris School of Medicine.
Noulis accurately described the role of the ACL, and showed how the integrity of the ligament should be tested with the knee in extension. The method Noulis defined is identical to that more commonly defined as the Lachman Test.
Paessler’s paper in 1992 credits Noulis as being the first to describe the physical finding 117 years after it’s first formal description.
- Born 1849 in the village of Paracalamos of Pogoru, Ioannina, Greece
- 1866 – Graduated Zosimea School in Ioannina with honours
- 1871 – MD, University of Athens School of Medicine with honours
- 1872 – 5 year scholarship at the University of Paris Faculty of Medicine with further training in internal medicine and general surgery
- 1875 – Defended his doctoral thesis ‘Entorse du genou‘ [sprains of the knee]
- 1876 – Returned to practice surgery in Ioannina, Ottoman Empire; one of five physicians designated as physicians of the poor; chief surgeon of the local hospital
- 1895 – Moved to Athens to practice medicine
- 1897 – Chief surgeon Constantinople (Instanbul) hospital
- 1899 – President of the Committee on Biological Sciences
- Died 1919
Lachman Test (1976)
…fixes the thigh with one hand; with the other hand hold the leg just below the knee with the thumb in front and the rest of the fingers behind; then try to push the tibia forward and backward … When only the ACL is broken, forward movement is seen when the knee is slightly flexed…Noulis GC, 1875
- Noulis GC. Entorse du genou. Thèse pour le doctorat en medicin N° 142. Fac Med Paris 1875
- Soucacos PN, Peltier LF. Sprains of the knee. George C. Noulis (1849-1919). Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research. 1997; 341: 5-6
- Paessler HH, Michel D. How new is the Lachman test? Am J Sports Med. 1992; 20(1): 95-8.
- Soucacos PN, Papadopoulou M, Georgoulis A. The “Noulis” behind the Lachman test. Arthroscopy. 1998; 14(1): 75-6.
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