Guido Fanconi

Guido Fanconi (1892–1979) was a Swiss paediatrician

Regarded as one of the founders of modern paediatrics, associated with at least 17 eponymous syndromes and diseases

  • Born 1 January 1892 Poschiavo, Switzerland
  • High School in Schiers (in the German speaking part of Switzerland)
  • 1919 – MD having studied medicine in Lausanne, Bern and Zurich
  • 1920-1926 Studied paediatrics at the Kinderspital, Zurich under Emil Feer-Sulzer (1864-1955)
  • 1945 – Founded the journal Helvetica Paediatrica Acta (absorbed by the European journal of pediatrics in 1988)
  • 1947-1950 President of the International Pediatric Association
  • Died

Medical Eponyms
  • Fanconi anaemia (1927)
  • Toni-Debré-Fanconi syndrome (1936) – group of conditions exhibiting a defect in the reabsorption of glucose, amino acids, phosphate and potassium.
  • Fanconi syndrome I (1951)
  • Addison-Schilder syndrome (1963) – heritable metabolic disorder combining the characteristics of Addison’s disease (bronze skin disease) and Schilder disease (cerebral sclerosis). First described in 1923 by Siemerling and Creutzfeldt. Fanconi et al defined the disease formally in 1963.

Key Medical Attributions

Major Publications
  • Fanconi G. Familiäre, infantile perniciosähnliche Anämie (perniziöses Blutbild und Konstitution). Jahrbuch für Kinderheilkunde und physische Erziehung. 1927; 117: 257-280. [Fanconi anaemia]
  • Fanconi G. Der frühinfantile nephrotisch-glycosurische Zwergwuchs mit hypophosphatämischer Rachitis. Jahrbuch für Kinderheilkunde. 1936; 147: 299-318. [Abderhalden-Kaufmann-Lignac syndrome]
  • Fanconi G. Der frühinfantile nephrotisch-glykosurische Zwergwuchs mit Hypophosphatämischer Rachitis. Jahrbuch für Kinderheilkunde. 1936; 147: 299. [Toni-Debré-Fanconi syndrome]
  • Fanconi G. Über einen Fall von Subsepsis allergica Wissler. Helvetica paediatrica acta. 1946;1: 532-537. [Wissler disease]
  • Fanconi G. Die familiäre juvenile Nephronophthise. Helvetica Chirurgica Acta. 1951;6: 1-49. [Fanconi syndrome I]
  • Fanconi G. Prader A, Isler W, Lüthy F, Siebenmann R. Morbus Addison mit Hirnsklerosse im Kindesalter. Ein hereditäres Syndrom mit X-chromosomaler Vererbung?
    Helvetica paediatrica acta. 1963; 18: 480-501. [Addison-Schilder syndrome]
  • Fanconi G. Die Familiäre Panmyelopathie. Schweizerische medizinische Wochenschrift. 1964;94: 1309-1318. [Fanconi anaemia]
  • Fanconi G. Familial constitution panmyelopcytopathy. Fanconi’s anemia. Seminars in Hematology, New York, 1966; 4: 233-240.



the person behind the name

Associate Professor Curtin Medical School, Curtin University. Emergency physician MA (Oxon) MBChB (Edin) FACEM FFSEM Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital.  Passion for rugby; medical history; medical education; and asynchronous learning #FOAMed evangelist. Co-founder and CTO of Life in the Fast lane | Eponyms | Books | Twitter |

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