Hermann Adolph Wülfing-Lüer

Jeanne Amélie Lüer
Jeanne Amelie Lüer

Hermann Adolph Wülfing-Lüer (1836 – 1909) German Surgical instrument manufacturer.

Hermann Adolph Wülfing married Jeanne Amélie Lüer (1842-1909) (daughter of Amatus Lüer) in 1867. Hermann worked on the business side of the factory, and Jeanne on the creative side and in the factory.

Wulfing-Luer produced the first all-glass syringe in Paris in 1894 (the Luer syringe), as the ‘Nouveau système de seringue uniquement en verre et destinée spécialement aux injections aseptiques’.

It is probable that Jeanne Amélie Lüer was involved in the invention of the syringe whilst her husband Hermann Adolph Wülfing patented and marketed the syringe.


Biography
  • Born on March 14, 1836 in Barmen, Westphalia
  • 1899 – Barbier prize. Full prize (2,000F) not awarded, but Luer received a 300F ‘encouragement’ award for his syringe for hypodermic injections
  • Died on February 1, 1910 in Paris

I take pleasure in expressing my appreciation of the care given by the late Wulfing-Luer of Paris to the making of almost all of the surgical instruments originally purchased for The Johns Hopkins Hospital and designed by the author.

The Operative- Story of Goitre‘. William S. Halstead 1920

History of the Luer syringe

Georges Guillaume Amatus Lüer (1802-1883) (d’instruments de chirurgie, chevalier de la légion d’honneur) was born in Germany and traveled to Paris in 1834. He worked briefly with Swiss-born French surgical instrument maker Joseph-Frédéric-Benoît Charrière (1803-1876) and set up up surgical instrument store ‘Maison Lüer, sur la Place de l’École de Médecine’ in 1837. He received a medal in the 1st class after exhibiting in the Great Exhibition of 1851 in London. Chevalier de la légion d’honneur on January 25, 1863

Hermann Adolph Wülfing married Jeanne Amélie Lüer (daughter of Amatus Lüer) in 1867. Hermann worked on the business side of the factory, and Jeanne on the creative side and in the factory

Jeanne, helped by a glassblower named Fournier, developed a ‘two piece graduated, all-glass sterilizable syringe with a tight-fitting ground glass barrel’.

M. Wülfing-Luer a acquis une renommée universelle pour la fabrication des instruments destinés aux opérations sur les yeux et pour la fabrication des grands rasoirs à coupe; il fabrique une seringue, à piston de verre, qui est un chef-d’œuvre d’exécution. Nous avons accordé une médaille d’argent de collaborateur à M. G. Fournier, souffleur de verre, dont le talent a contribué beaucoup à l’exécution de la seringue en verre; M. Moria, qui depuis huit ans collabore aux travaux de M. Wülfing-Luer, a obtenu une médaille de bronze.

Instruments de chirurgie 1900

Mr. Wülfing-Luer has acquired a worldwide reputation for the manufacture of instruments intended for operations on the eyes and for the manufacture of large razors with cutters; he makes a syringe, with a glass plunger, which is a masterpiece. We awarded a collaborator’s silver medal to Mr. G. Fournier, glassblower, whose talent contributed greatly to the execution of the glass syringe; Mr. Moria, who has worked with Mr. Wülfing-Luer for eight years, was awarded a bronze medal.

Instruments de chirurgie 1900

Hermann filed multiple patents to protect the invention between 1895-1897.

  • Hermann Adolph Wülfing-Lüer. FR3031E; Nouveau système de seringue uniquement en verre et destinée spécialement aux injections aseptiques. French patent, 1894
  • Hermann Adolph Wülfing-Lüer. US583382; Improvements in Syringes. US patent, 1896
  • Hermann Adolph Wülfing-Lüer. US772450A; US patent, 1904
Luer 1900 Stempel aus Glas

The Lüer’s met with Maxwell W. Becton and Fairleigh S. Dickinson who purchased the Lüer syringe and set up the Becton Dickinson (BD) surgical equipment company in New Jersey, USA.

Dickinson patented the Luer-lok in 1925, a steel fitting that included the tapered tube at its centre to allow a needle to be locked in place securely with a single twist.[The BD Yale Luer-Lok Syringe]

  • Fairleigh S Dickinson. US723588A; Hypodermic syringe. US patent, 1901
  • Fairleigh S Dickinson. US1142682A; US1130493A; Syringe. US patent, 1914
  • Fairleigh S Dickinson. US1742497; Syringe. US patent, 1925
  • Fairleigh S Dickinson. US1793068; Hypodermic syringe and needle therefor. US patent, 1931
  • Fairleigh S Dickinson. US2037768A; Hypodermic syringe needle hub. US patent, 1934

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Emergency physician MA (Oxon) MBChB (Edin) FACEM FFSEM with a passion for rugby; medical history; medical education; and asynchronous learning #FOAMed evangelist. Co-founder and CTO of Life in the Fast lane | Eponyms | Books |

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