Hermann von Helmholtz

Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von Helmholtz (1821 – 1894)

Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von Helmholtz (1821 – 1894) was a German physician and physicist.

Helmholtz was a pioneer in the scientific study of human vision and hearing. He revolutionized the field of ophthalmology with the invention of the ophthalmoscope in 1851


  • Born 31 August 1821 Potsdam, Prussia
  • Died 8 September 1894 Berlin, Germany

Key Research:

  • Physics: Thesis on the ‘Law of Conservation of Energy’

Medical Eponyms

  • Helmholtz Association (Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft Deutscher Forschungszentren) – union of 18 scientific-technical and biological-medical research centers in Germany
  • Young-Helmholtz three colour theory

Major Publications

  • Helmholtz H. Über die Theorie der zusammengesetzten Farben. 
    Archiv für Anatomie, Physiologie und wissenschaftliche Medizin, 1850: 461-482. [Young-Helmholtz three colour theory]


  • Any gossip


  • Papers read to write PAGE

LITFL Related Links

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the person behind the name

BA MA (Oxon) MBChB (Edin) FACEM FFSEM. Emergency physician, Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital.  Passion for rugby; medical history; medical education; and asynchronous learning #FOAMed evangelist. Co-founder and CTO of Life in the Fast lane | Eponyms | Books | Twitter |

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