Jean-Nicolas Corvisart

Jean-Nicolas Corvisart des Marets (1755 - 1821)

Jean-Nicolas Corvisart des Marets (1755 – 1821) was a French physician.

Leopold Auenbrugger first described the technique of percussion in 1761 but it was not until 1808 when Jean-Nicolas Corvisart (personal physician of Napoleon) popularized physical examination and endorsed the importance of medical signs.


Biography

  • Born 15 February 1775 Dricourt, France
  • Died 18 September 1821 Courbevoie

Medical Eponyms

  • Corvisart disease

Key Medical Attributions


Controversies


Major Publications

  • Éloge de Debois de Rochefort. Paris, 1789
  • Aphorismes sur la consaissance et le charactère des fievres (Paris, an V (1797). (Translation of Stoll’s work).
  • Essai sur les maladies et les lésions organiques du cœur et des gros vaisseaux, Paris, Migneret, 1806, 484 pp.
  • Nouvelle méthode pour reconnâitre les maladies internes de la poitrine for the percussion de cette cavité, (translation of the text by Auenbrugger), Paris, 1808.
  • Aphorismes de médecine clinique … par le baron Corvisart; recueillis par F.-V. Mérat; publ. Paul Busquet Paris: Masson, 1929, 115 p. (translation of the text by Hermann Boerhaave).
  • Manuel des pulmoniques, ou traité complet des maladies de la poitrine. On y a joint une nouvelle méthode de rennoitre ces mêmes maladies par la percussion du thorax, traduite du Latin. 2 parts in one volume. Paris, Humaire, 1770. 319 pages. French annotated translation by Jean-Nicolas Corvisart

References

  • O’Neal JC. Auenbrugger, Corvisart, and the perception of disease. Eighteenth Century Stud. 1998 Summer;31(4):473-89. [PMID 11623707]
  • Verghese A et al. A History of Physical Examination Texts and the Conception of Bedside Diagnosis. Trans Am Clin Climatol Assoc. 2011; 122: 290–311.
  • Cantwell JD. Jean-Nicolas Corvisart. Clin Cardiol. 1988 Nov;11(11):801-3. [PMID 3069259]
  • Halls Dally JF. Life and Times of Jean Nicolas Corvisart (1755-1821). Proc R Soc Med. 1941 Mar; 34(5): 239–246. [PMC1997919]
  • Fresquet JL. Jean Nicolas Corvisart (1755-1821). Historia de la Medicina.

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Emergency physician MA (Oxon) MBChB (Edin) FACEM FFSEM with a passion for rugby; medical history; medical education; and asynchronous learning #FOAMed evangelist. Co-founder and CTO of Life in the Fast lane | Eponyms | Books | Twitter |

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