Joseph Honoré Simon Beau

Joseph Honoré Simon Beau (1806 – 1865) was a French physician.

Remembered for his investigations of the physiology of the heart and the lungs. He made one of the first descriptions of cardiac insufficiency and asystole (Beau’s syndrome) 1846.


  • Born 8 May 1806 in Collonges (Ain)
  • 1836 – MD thesis, Paris. The thesis entitled – “De l’emploi des évacuans dans la maladie connue sous les noms gastroentérite, dothinthérite etc”
  • 1839 – physician at the Bureau central, later at the Hospital Cochin and eventually at the Charité
  • 1844 – Professor Agrégé at the medical faculty
  • 1844 – 1852 Participated in competitive examinations for medical chairs.
  • Famous for his investigations of the physiology of the heart and the lungs. First published in the Archives générales de médecine from 1834 to 1845, and collected in his Traité expérimental et clinique d’auscultation appliqué à l’étude des maladies du poumon et du coeur. Paris 1856
  • Died 11 August 1865, Paris

Medical Eponyms

Syndrome de Beau (1836)

Beau’s lines (1846)

Deep horizontal, transverse grooves or ridges that run from side to side on the fingernail or the toenail, usually a sign of systemic disease or local trauma. 

Beau’s lines can be induced by drugs, such as the retinoids, and cancer chemotherapeutic agents as well as radiotherapy

Key Medical Attributions

Major Publications



eponymictionary CTA


the person behind the name

Graduated from Southampton Medical School in 2017 with BMBS. Working in Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital Emergency Department in Perth, Australia.

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