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Maurice Raynaud

Auguste Gabriel Maurice Raynaud (1834-1881)

Auguste Gabriel Maurice Raynaud (1834-1881) was a French physician

Eponymously remembered for his description of Raynaud syndrome


Biography
  • Born on August 10 (variably July 5), 1834 at Paris, the son of Jacques-Auguste Raynaud professor at the Royal Bourbon College
  • 1862 – MD, University of Paris with the thesis De l’asphyxie locale et de la gangrène symétrique des extrémités; and one of the few to achieve eponymous fame with his thesis subject. In the same year received his doctorat ès lettres with thesis Les médecins au temps de Molière
  • 1866 – professor of medical pathology; médaille d’or du choléra
  • 1868 – médecin des hôpitaux à Sainte Périne (1868)
  • 1870 – in war is in charge of the service des ambulances de la Société de Secours
  • 1871 – Légion d’honneur
  • 1872 – médecin des hôpitaux à Saint-Antoine and Lariboisière; La Charité (1880)
  • 1879 – membre de l’Académie de médecine
  • Died on June 29, 1881 shortly before the international medical congress in London. He had suffered from heart disease for several years. His speech, “Skepticism in Medicine, Past and Present” was read by one of his colleagues.

Medical Eponyms
Raynaud syndrome (1862)

Décrire une maladie nouvelle, et surtout donner un nom nouveau a un groupe de symptômes depuis longtemps observés et décrits, est chose assurément moins difficile que de rattacher plusieurs affections en apparence diverses à une loi commune qui les domine. Dans l’infinie variété des phénomenes morbides qui se présentent journellement à notre observation, avec une physionomie toujours nouvelle, il est aisé de choisir ça et là quelques faits exceptionnels et d’ ériger en règle, en omettants les différences qui les séparent, pour ne voir que les points de contact…

Mon ambition serait bien plutôt de démontrer que certains faits de grangrène des estrémités, que l’on rencontre de loin en loin dans la pratique, et dont l’aspect étrange est fait pour déconcerter les plus habiles, sont en réalité bien moins singuliers qu’on ne serait tenté de le croire, et peuvent se relier, par des intermédiaires, à d’autres faits beaucoup plus fréquents, et qui n’échappent à l’attention que par leur vulgarité même…

Raynaud 1862

Describing a new disease, and especially giving a new name to a group of symptoms that have long been observed and described, is certainly less difficult than relating several apparently diverse affections to a common law that dominates them. In the infinite variety of morbid phenomena which present themselves daily to our observation, with an ever new physiognomy, it is easy to choose here and there a few exceptional facts and to establish them as a rule, omitting the differences which separate them, so as not to see that the points of contact…

My ambition would rather be to demonstrate that certain facts of gangrene of extremities, which we encounter from time to time in practice, and whose strange appearance is designed to disconcert the most skilled, are in reality much less singular than one would be tempted to believe, and can be linked, through intermediaries, to other much more frequent facts, and which escape attention only by their very vulgarity…

Raynaud 1862

Raynaud syndrome Case 001 LITFL


Major Publications

References

Biography

Eponymous terms


Eponym

the person behind the name

MBBS5 Awarded from St. George's University of London

 

BA MA (Oxon) MBChB (Edin) FACEM FFSEM. Emergency physician, Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital.  Passion for rugby; medical history; medical education; and asynchronous learning #FOAMed evangelist. Co-founder and CTO of Life in the Fast lane | Eponyms | Books | Twitter |

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