Nikolay Sheklakov

Nikolay Dmitriyevich Sheklakov Николай Дмитриевич Шеклаков (1918-1989) was a medical mycologist and dermatologist

A hero of Great Patriotic War and European anti-nazi resistance, humanist who saved thousand lives in Sachsenhausen and Bergen-Belsen German deathcamps, where he was revered as ‘Doctor Nicolaus’. After WW2, he became one of the leaders of Soviet medical mycology and international peace activist.

Author of more than 300 works devoted to the clinic, prevention and treatment of skin diseases. He investigated aspects of bullous dermatoses, issues of medical mycology. He was the first in Soviet dermatology to develop a clinical classification of mycoses. Sheklakov published in Russian several works in which he suggested modifications of the classic Nikolskiy sign


Biography
  • Born on March 10, 1918 in Aleksin
  • 1937 – Graduated from рабфак and trasnferred to 2-й Московский государственный медицинский институт (2nd Moscow State Medical Institute)
  • 1941 – Chief of the medical aid station of the 4th battalion of the 214th Airborne Brigade
  • 1945 – Центрального кожно-венерологического ин-та Наркомата здравоохранения СССР, graduating in 1950
  • 1967 – Doctor of Medical Sciences (доктор медицинских наук)
  • 1970 – Professor and Chairman of the Department of Dermatology and Venereology at the Moscow School of Dentistry, Moscow, Russia
  • 1973-1989 Editor-in-chief of the journal Вестник дерматологии и венерологии (Bulletin of Dermatology and Venereology)
  • Died on July 13, 1990 in Moscow

Medical Eponyms
Sheklakov sign

Sheklakov described the sign of perifocal subepidermal separation (“false Nikolskiy sign”) which is known as “Sheklakov sign”

Sheklakov showed the ability to elicit the Nikolskiy sign in the oral mucosa of patients with pemphigus vulgaris. He also modified the classic description of Nikolskiy sign and introduced the term “marginal Nikolskiy sign”.

Sheklakov also suggested that application of lateral pressure to a pre-existing lesion using a cotton-tipped swab, tongue depressor, or a pencil eraser, leads to lateral extension of the bulla.


Major Publications

References

Biography

Eponymous terms


Cite this article as: Tatiana Ninkov and Mike Cadogan, "Nikolay Sheklakov," In: LITFL - Life in the FastLane, Accessed on August 11, 2022, https://litfl.com/nikolay-sheklakov/.

eponym

the person behind the name

BSc, MD from University of Western Australia. Junior Doctor currently working at Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital with an interest in Dermatology and Obstetrics & Gynaecology.

Associate Professor Curtin Medical School, Curtin University. Emergency physician MA (Oxon) MBChB (Edin) FACEM FFSEM Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital.  Passion for rugby; medical history; medical education; and asynchronous learning #FOAMed evangelist. Co-founder and CTO of Life in the Fast lane | Eponyms | Books | Twitter |

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