Peter Josef Safar (1924 – 2003) was an Austrian physician, innovator, educator and humanist.
Pioneer of cardiopulmonary resuscitation and critical care medicine
Born in Austria of Jewish ancestry he managed to evade the Nazis as a young man and survived the tragic death of his young daughter from status asthmaticus. Despite such terrible trials he went on to give the world ‘the kiss of life‘ and became the acknowledged ‘Father of modern CPR’. He had a relentless interest in everything and was a true humanist.
‘CPCR is for the person with a heart and brain too good to die.‘
- Born 12 April 1924
- 1976 – Co-founded the World Association for Disaster and Emergency Medicine (WADEM)
- Professor of resuscitation medicine University of Pittsburgh
- Died 3 August 2003
In 1966, while Safar was away at a medical conference, his 11 year old daughter Elizabeth fell into an asthma induced coma and died. Safar became convinced that lay people, not just doctors, had to be involved in resuscitation if lives were to be saved. One year after his daughter’s death he designed and implemented the first ambulance service with a physician and volunteers trained in CPR.
On his 70th birthday Safar was presented with a framed set of laws by his friends and colleagues derived from his won sayings. They were titled ‘Peter’s Laws for the Navigation of Life – The Creed of the Sociopathic Obsessive Compulsive‘.
- Safar P. Mouth to mouth airway. Anesthesiology 1957;18:904–6.
- Safar P, McMahon MC. Resuscitation of the unconscious victim: a manual for rescue breathing. CC Thomas. 1959.
- Safar P, Escarraga L, Elam J. A comparison of the mouth-to mouth and mouth-to-airway methods of artificial respiration with the chest-pressure arm-lift methods. New Engl J Med 1958;258:671–7.
- Safar P. Ventilatory efficacy of mouth-to-mouth artificial respiration. Airway obstruction during manual and mouth-to-mouth artificial respiration. J Am Med Assoc 1958;167:335–41.
- Safar P, Redding J. The tight jaw in resuscitation. Anesthesiology 1959;20:701–2.
- Stept WJ, Safar P. Rapid induction-intubation for prevention of gastric-content aspiration. Anesth Analg. 1970 Jul-Aug;49(4):633-6. [PMID 5534675] [Original RSI paper]
- Safar P, Grenvik A. Organization and Physician Education in Critical Care Medicine. Anesthesiology. 1977;47:82-95.
- Safar P. Cardiopulmonary Cerebral Resuscitation. AS Laerdal. 1981
- Lenzer J. Peter Josef Safar. BMJ. 2003 Sep 13; 327(7415): 624. [PMC194106]
- Acierno LJ, Worrell LT. Peter Safar: father of modern cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Clin Cardiol. 2007 Jan;30(1):52-4. [PMID 17262769]
- Stoy W, Grandey JT. Teacher, clinician … friend. Tributes to Peter Safar. JEMS. 2003 Oct;28(10):20-4. [PMID 14583698]
- Baskett PJ. Peter J. Safar, the early years 1924-1961, the birth of CPR. Resuscitation. 2001 Jul;50(1):17-22. [PMID 11724008]
- Baskett PJ. Peter J. Safar. Part two. The University of Pittsburgh to the Safar Centre for Resuscitation Research 1961-2002. Resuscitation. 2002 Oct;55(1):3-7. [PMID 12297347]
- Mitka M. Peter J. Safar, MD: “father of CPR,” innovator, teacher, humanist. JAMA. 2003 May 21;289(19):2485-6. [PMID 12759308]
- Martens P, Mullie A. (Some of the) lessons learned from Peter Safar. Eur J Emerg Med. 2003 Dec;10(4):257. [PMID 14676499]
- Delooz H. International emergency medicine: the vision of a pioneer, Prof. Dr Peter Safar, on emergency medical care. Eur J Emerg Med. 2003 Sep;10(3):163. [PMID 12972888]
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