Philip Rowland Allison (1907-1974) was an English thoracic surgeon
Allison was a leading thoracic and oesophageal surgeon, with a special expertise in hiatus hernia.
Key contributions to medicine include his pivotal role in the work to define Barrett’s Oesophagus.
- Born on June 2, 1907 at Selby, Yorkshire
- 1924 – Leeds Medical School. BSc with first class honours in physiology (1927); MB ChB first class honours (1931)
- 1932 – FRCS
- 1936-1941 General surgeon at the General Infirmary, Leeds
- 1941 – First thoracic surgeon at the General Infirmary, Leeds
- 1941-1945 Thoracic surgical adviser to the Emergency Medical Service for North England managing a mobile thoracic surgical team for air-raid casualties.
- 1947 – Thoracic surgeon to the Leeds Regional Hospital Board
- 1949 – Senior lecturer in thoracic surgery in 1949
- 1953 – Chair of Surgery at Leeds
- 1954 – Nuffield Chair of Surgery at Oxford. MA DM (Oxford), FACS
- Died on March 6, 1974
Barrett’s oesophagus (1946-8)
Wrote articles on ‘peptic ulcers of the oesophagus’ which were later picked up in Norman Barrett‘s literature review in 1950.
1950 – Barrett identified that the terms of ‘peptic ulcer of the oesophagus’ and ‘oesopaghitis’ needed to be redefined and seperated as different enties, due to confusion created from the use of the two terms interchangably at the time of the articles .
Barret suggested that Allison’s papers described ‘reflux oesophagitis’ and this was common in comparison to other papers which he deemed more chronic pathology of the oesophagus leading to stricturing.
1953 – Allison published a paper in which he directly responds to Barrets literature review on his own work and gives the title of the ulcers due to ‘reflex oesophagitis’ he described in 1946-48 as Barret Ulcers.
1970 – Bremer, Lynch and Ellis were able to prove that it was not the spreading of gastric mucosa upwards but the metaplasia of squamous epithelium to columnar epithelium.
Today the term Barrets Ulcer can be interchanged for Barret’s Oesophagus, Barret’s disease and Barret’s mucosa.
- Allison PR. Peptic ulcer of the esophagus. J Thorac Surg. 1946; 15: 308-17.
- Allison PR. Peptic ulcer of the oesophagus. Thorax. 1948; 3(1): 20-42
- Allison PR, Johnstone AS. The oesophagus lined with gastric mucous membrane. Thorax. 1953; 8(2): 87-101.
- Obituary. P.R. Allison. Br Med J. 1974 Mar 23; 1(5907): 582–583
- Biography: Allison, Philip Rowland (1907-1974). Plarr’s Lives of the Fellows Online. Royal College of Surgeons of England.
- Barrett NR. Chronic peptic ulcer of the oesophagus and ‘oesophagitis’. Br J Surg. 1950 Oct;38(150):175-82.
- Bremner CG, Lynch VP, Ellis FH. Barrett’s esophagus: Congenital or acquired? An experimental study of esophageal mucosal regeneration in the dog. Surgery. 1970 68, 209–216. [Confirmed Metaplasia]
the person behind the name
BA MA (Oxon) MBChB (Edin) FACEM FFSEM. Associate Professor Curtin Medical School, Curtin University. Emergency physician, Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital. Passion for rugby; medical history; medical education; and asynchronous learning #FOAMed evangelist. Co-founder and CTO of Life in the Fast lane | Eponyms | Books | Twitter |