Clinical Toxicologist Nicholas Buckley is one of the biggest brains in the business. In his talk at SMACC he showed us how much there is to know about something so seemingly simple in ‘Paracetamol: More than meets the Eye’. This is a…
Acute Paracetamol Toxicity: following overdose glucuronidation and sulphation pathways are rapidly saturated -> increased metabolism to NAPQI (N-acetyl-P-benzoquineimine); glutathione is required to inactivate NAPQI and when levels depleted -> hepatocellular death takes place
Paracetamol overdose is the most common cause of fulminant hepatic failure in the USA (39% of cases). Paracetamol-induced hepatotoxicity is defined as a peak elevation in hepatic transaminases (ALT or AST) > 1000 IU/L in the context of paracetamol overdose
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