Vincenz Czerny

Vincenz Czerny (1842-1916) was a Czech/Bohemian surgeon.

Czerny developed operational techniques in cancer surgery and the treatment of malignant lesions deemed inoperable


  • Born 19 November 1842 in Trautenau, Böhmen, Austro-Hungarian Empire
  • Died 3 October 1916 in Heidelberg, Germany

Medical Eponyms

  • Czerny operation (aka Cholecystopexy)
  • Czerny pillar suture used in the operative treatment of congenital inguinal hernia in children

Key Medical Attributions

  • 1879 – performed the first vaginal total hysterectomy
  • 1880 – introduced pyelolithotomy as a treatment for nephrolithiasis
  • 1881 – introduced the operation of enucleation of subperitoneal uterine fibroids by the vaginal route


Major Publications

  • Czerny V. Eine locale Malacie des Unterschenkels.Wiener medizinische Wochenschrift 1873; 23(39): 895-899 [osteitis deformans]
  • Czerny V. Ueber die Ausrottung des Gebärmutterkrebses. Wiener medizinische Wochenschrift, 1879; 29: 1171-1174. [Vaginal total hysterectomy]
  • Czerny V. Ueber die Enukleation subperitonealer Fibrome der Gebärmutter durch das Scheidengewölbe; vaginale Myoniotonie. Wiener medizinische Wochenschrift, 1881; 31: 501-505, 525-529.


eponymictionary CTA


the person behind the name

BA MA (Oxon) MBChB (Edin) FACEM FFSEM. Emergency physician, Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital.  Passion for rugby; medical history; medical education; and asynchronous learning #FOAMed evangelist. Co-founder and CTO of Life in the Fast lane | Eponyms | Books | Twitter |

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