Amédée Bonnet

Amédée Bonnet (1809-1858)

Amédée Bonnet (1809-1858) was a French orthopaedic surgeon.

Oft described as the grandfather of knee and ligament surgery.

Published the first cadaveric studies for the mechanism of knee ligament injuries in a 1300 page treatise on the treatment of joint diseases – ‘Traité des maladies des articulations


Biography

  • Born 19 March 1809 Ambérieu-en-Bugey, France son of physician Joseph Bonnet (1760-1839)
  • 1825 – Bachelier ès lettre
  • 1826 – Baccalauréat ès sciences
  • 1827 – Student of medicine under Richerand and Récamier at the Hotel Dieu de Lyon
  • 1832 – MD, Thesis: ‘Recherches sur quelques points de physiologie et de pathologie, tels que la surdité, les luxations, le mouvement des cotes, le siège des rhumatismes
  • 1832 – Surgeon-aide of the Hôtel-Dieu de Lyon
  • 1838 – Professor of surgery École Préparatoire de Lyon
  • Died 1 December 1858 Lyon

Key Medical Attributions

Bonnet noticed that the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) ruptured most often at its femoral insertion (accompanied by a cracking sound), and rarely at the tibial attachment. He described the development of haemarthrosis as a result of knee ligament rupture and explained the accompanying pain as due to the stretching of the nerve supply of the ligaments

In the cases of unstable knees he created an orthotic device with two hinges and invented various active motion machines to mobilise stiff knees after prolonged periods of immobilisation. However he recommended mobilisation as quickly as possible to reduce the risk of ‘absorption of the cartilage


Major Publications


References


eponymictionary CTA

eponym

the person behind the name

English doctor, Southamptom graduate BM BS, training in emergency medicine in Perth, Australia

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