Bruno Fleischer

Bruno Otto Fleischer  (1874 – 1965) was a German ophthalmologist.


  • Born 1874, Stuttgart
  • Died

Key Medical Attributions

Medical Eponyms

  • Kayser-Fleischer Ring (1902, 1903) brown-green pigmented rings encircle the iris secondary to copper deposition in descemet’s membrane of cornea commonly associated with Wilson’s disease
  • Fleischer ring (1906) are dark-brown/yellow pigmented rings in the peripheral cornea, resulting from iron deposition (as haemosiderin) in basal epithelial cells. Most often associated with keratoconus.


  • Fleischer has suffered from a case of mistaken identity for many years. Most often his work in ophthalmology (and his internet search image…) is attributed to the physician Richard Fleischer, born in 1848

Major Publications


  • Dening TR, Berrios GE. Eponymous confusion over Bruno Fleischer. Lancet. 1990 Feb 3;335(8684):291. [PMID 1967744]
  • Bruno Otto Fleischer  (1874 – 1965). Klinische Monatsblätter für Augenheilkunde. 1965;147:264
  • Landesbibliographie Baden-Württemberg Bruno Fleischer [39716]

eponymictionary CTA 2


the person behind the name

BA MA (Oxon) MBChB (Edin) FACEM FFSEM. Associate Professor Curtin Medical School, Curtin University. Emergency physician, Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital.  Passion for rugby; medical history; medical education; and asynchronous learning #FOAMed evangelist. Co-founder and CTO of Life in the Fast lane | Eponyms | Books | Twitter |

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.