Palmar erythema is a non-specific finding characterised by a redness of the palmar skin.
Obstruction of the superior vena cava results from mediastinal mass lesions. Features include a plethoric and cyanosed face with periorbital oedema, exophthalmos, conjunctival injection, and venous dilatation in the fundi, distended non-pulsatile neck veins and a positive Pemberton sign.
Shoulder pain radiating down the arm can be a diagnostic dilemma, with causes arising from multiple visceral and musculoskeletal structures.
Clubbing is an abnormality of the fingertips with following features: beaked nails; loss of angle between nail bed and finger; increased AP width of finger tip; sponginess of proximal nail bed
Ventricular fibrillation and (pulseless) ventricular tachycardia mandate immediate CPR, advanced life support and correction of underlying causes.