A bulbar palsy is a lower motor neuron lesion of cranial nerves IX, X and XII. A pseudobulbar palsy is an upper motor neuron lesion of cranial nerves IX, X and XII.
Leg ulcers may result from venous stasis, ischemia, malignancy, infection, neuropathy, trauma or underlying systemic disease.
The work up of patients with sudden severe headache centers on excluding subarachnoid hemorrhage, however there are numerous other causes.
Differential diagnosis of tremor - a rhythmical alternating movement
Ventriculomegaly is due to cerebral atrophy (e.g., Parkinson disease) or increased cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) within the ventricles.
Blepharospasm is uncontrollable blinking as a result of repeated involuntary orbicularis oculi contraction. It is always bilateral, but may briefly be unilateral at onset. It subsides when asleep.
Coma differential diagnosis
Causes of visual loss or blindness can be categorised by presence or absence of trauma, transient or persistent and monocular or binocular.
Different diagnosis of the causes associated with retinal haemorrhage
In emergency medicine and critical care it is essential to be able to recognise skin signs that signify serious disease, and be able to consider the likely causes.
Hirsutism is abnormal growth of hair on a person's face and body, especially in females.
Splinter hemorrhages are lesions caused by linear bleeding under a fingernail or toenail, resembling a splinter.