Edward Harry Bishop (1913-1995) was an American obstetrician and gynecologist
Author of 50 original research articles, principally concerning Doppler ultrasonic fetal monitoring, intrauterine transfusion, management of premature labor, cesarean section mortality, acceleration of fetal pulmonary maturity with steroids, induction of labor, and the quality of perinatal care in North Carolina, and induction of labor.
Bishop was one of the first physicians to treat the fetus with an intrauterine transfusion and one of the first obstetricians to deal with genetic diagnosis of the fetus.
Eponymously remembered for the Bishop Score (1964), a method to evaluate the cervix in regard to the success or failure of induction of labor.
- Born on June 13, 1913 in Bethlehem, New Hampshire
- 1937 – MD, Dartmouth College and Medical School
- Completed training in obstetrics and gynecology at the Methodist Hospital in Philadelphia
- Professor of obstetrics and chief of perinatology at the North Carolina Memorial Hospital and the University of North Carolina
- Died on December 10, 1995
Bishop Score (1964)
In the 1960s elective induction of labor became increasingly common. Proponents claimed a short, easy, and convenient labor associated with a minimal and an acceptable perinatal mortality. Others condemned the practice as dangerous, incurring an unnecessary risk to both the mother and her child.
Bishop determined that differences in results resulted from variations in the method of selecting suitable candidates. In 1964 he presented his method of selecting suitable candidates for elective induction of labour.
Bishop maintained that induction only be considered in cases of multiparity; >36 weeks gestation; vertex presentation; normal previous and present obstetric history; and advance knowledge and permission of the patient.
…determination of suitability for elective induction is made by evaluation of certain pelvic factors which usually presage the spontaneous onset of labor. Such factors are dilatation, effacement, consistency, and position of the cervix, and the station of the presenting part.
…one may estimate the expected date of delivery more accurately than by the traditional methods. Such a scoring system is of extreme value in determining the optimum time for elective induction of labor and for elective repeat cesarean section. Scores which appear unrelated to the expected date of delivery may forewarn the obstetrician of the possibility of either premature labor or postmaturityBishop 1964
Key Medical Contributions
- Bishop EH. Elective Induction of Labor. Obstet Gynecol 1955; 5(4): 519–27.
- Bishop EH, Woutersz TB. Isoxsuprine, a Myometrial Relaxant: A Preliminary Report. Obstet Gynecol 1961; 17(4): 442–6.
- Bishop EH, Woutersz TB. Arrest of premature labor. JAMA. 1961 Nov 25;178:812-4.
- Bishop EH. Pelvic scoring for elective induction. Obstet Gynecol. 1964 Aug;24(2):266-8
- Bishop EH, Buston CL. Prematurity. 1964
- Bishop EH. Instrument and method: the Doppler ultrasonic motion sensor. Obstet Gynecol 1966; 28(5): 712–3.
- Bishop EH, Guinto FC. Amniography. 1973
- Bishop EH. Elective induction of labor. 1973
- Bishop EH, Bishop DE. Perinatal medicine: practical diagnosis and management. 1982
- Bishop EH, Cefalo RC. Signs and symptoms in disorders of pregnancy. 1983
- Powell JL. Powell’s pearls: Edward Harry Bishop, MD (1913-1995). Obstet Gynecol Surv. 2006 Jul;61(7):425-6.
- Cefalo RC. Edward H. Bishop, M.D. American Gynecological Obstetrical Society.
- Baskett TF. Bishop, Edward Harry (1913–1995) In: Eponyms and Names in Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 3e. 2019: 41-42
- Bibliography. Bishop, Edward H. WorldCat Identities
- Abboud CJ. Pelvic Scoring for Elective Induction. Embryo Project Encyclopedia (2017-02-23)
- Laughon SK, Zhang J, Troendle J, Sun L, Reddy UM. Using a simplified Bishop score to predict vaginal delivery. Obstet Gynecol. 2011 Apr;117(4):805-811.
the person behind the name
Associate Professor Curtin Medical School, Curtin University. Emergency physician MA (Oxon) MBChB (Edin) FACEM FFSEM Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital. Passion for rugby; medical history; medical education; and asynchronous learning #FOAMed evangelist. Co-founder and CTO of Life in the Fast lane | Eponyms | Books | Twitter |