Eli Moschcowitz

Eli Moschcowitz (1879 - 1964)

Eli Moschcowitz (1879 – 1964) was a Hungarian born, American pathologist and physician.

In 1925, Moschcowitz first described thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) in a 16-year-old girl who died 2 weeks after the abrupt onset and progression of petechial bleeding, pallor, fever, paralysis, hematuria and coma [Moschcowitz disease]

Moschcowitz was among the first to work in psychosomatic medicine, and he presented a paper in 1935 on the psychological origins of physical disease.


Biography
  • Born August 2, 1879 in Giralt, Hungary
  • 1881 – Family emigrated to America
  • 1900 – Graduated Medicine, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons
  • Pathologist at the Beth Israel Hospital
  • 1945 – Retired as Director of the Mount Sinai Hospital and Professor of Clinical Medicine at Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons
  • Died February 23, 1964

One of the commonest and most pathetic experiences in medical practice is the tragedy of the “successful” man

Moschcowitz 1929: 347

Medical Eponyms

Moschcowitz disease (1924) [aka *thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP)]. Congenital syndrome characterised by thrombocytopenia, purpura, haemolytic anaemia, hyaline thromboses, renal failure and neurological symptoms.

Moschcowitz triad (1933) [aka *Moschcowitz sign]

I have found that the conjunction of three signs is usually conclusive in determining the diagnosis of pericardial effusion; in the order of their importance, they are: (1) widening of the area of cardiac flatness, (2) abrupt transition from pulmonary resonance to cardiac flatness and (3) widening of the cardiac dullness in the second intercostal space. No one of these signs, taken singly, is conclusive, but together they form a triad which is thoroughly reliable, as confirmed by roentgen examination or at autopsy.

Moschcowitz 1933

Moschcowitz sign (1933) – Moschcowitz stated that of these triad of signs signs, only the second, so far as I can gather, has not been described before

The abrupt transition of pulmonary resonance to cardiac flatness is due to the practical disappearance of the lung-filled angle between the heart and the anterior wall of the chest owing to the greatly dilated pericardial sac

Moschcowitz 1933

Key Medical Attributions

Controversies
  • Date of birth 1881 in New York Times

Major Publications [Bibliography 1945]

References

eponymictionary CTA

eponym

the person behind the name

Doctor in Australia. Keen interest in internal medicine, medical education, and medical history.

Emergency physician MA (Oxon) MBChB (Edin) FACEM FFSEM with a passion for rugby; medical history; medical education; and asynchronous learning #FOAMed evangelist. Co-founder and CTO of Life in the Fast lane | Eponyms | Books |

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