Erich Seidel

Erich Seidel (1882 – 1948) was a German ophthalmologist.

Specialised in glaucoma, anaesthesia of the eye for operative surgery and field of view.

Mapped and recorded an arcuate scotoma (1914, Seidel Scotoma) which arises out of the blind spot, either inferiorly or superiorly, and tapers off. Usually associated with acute rises in intraocular pressure and steroid-induced glaucoma.

The Seidel Test (1921) is used to assess the presence of anterior chamber leakage in the cornea following trauma.


  • Born 30 December 1882 Apolda, Thüringen
  • 1907 MD Jena
  • 1910 Assistant at Heidelberg University eye clinic
  • 1916 Head physician, Heidelberg
  • 1919 Ausserordentlicher Professor
  • Died 1948

Medical Eponyms

Seidel Test (1921)

Test which uses sodium fluorescein to look for ocular leaks following trauma or surgery. 

Positive Seidel Test

Seidel Scotoma (Seidel sign) (1914)

Arcuate or sickle-shaped scotoma that is a superior or inferior extension of the blind spot. Associated with glaucoma.

Major Publications


  • Harrington DO. The Bjerrum Scotoma. Transactions of the American Ophthalmological Society. 1964; 62: 324–348.

BA MA (Oxon) MBChB (Edin) FACEM FFSEM. Emergency physician, Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital.  Passion for rugby; medical history; medical education; and asynchronous learning #FOAMed evangelist. Co-founder and CTO of Life in the Fast lane | Eponyms | Books | Twitter |

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.