Charles Bonnet syndrome: Visual hallucinations in psychologically normal elderly people and most commonly associated in individuals with visual impairment .
Charles Bonnet (1720 – 1793) was a Swiss naturalist and philosopher. Described Charles Bonnet syndrome in 1760; visual hallucinations of his visually impaired grandfather
Description Roth spots: Retinal haemorrhages with white or pale centres, commonly associated with subacute bacterial endocarditis and immune complex mediated vasculitis. These spots may also be found in cases of leukaemia, diabetes, hypertensive and HIV retinopathy History 1872 – Moritz Roth (1839-1914) originally described retinal white spots and separate scattered haemorrhages (retinal red spots) in close proximity […]
Biography Born 25 December 1839, Basel, Switzerland Education at the Universities of Würzburg, Göttingen, and Berlin 1864 – Graduated with M.D. degree, University of Basel, Switzerland 1866 – Appointed privatdozent (‘adjunct professor’), University of Basel 1868 – Appointed privatdozent, University of Greifswald, Germany 1872 – Assistant Professor, University of Basel 1874 – Professor of pathology […]
Edwin Sterling Munson (1870-1958) was an American ophthalmologist.Munson sign, a V-shaped indentation of the lower eyelid when the gaze is directed downwards, an indication that is characteristic of advanced keratoconus.
Exophthalmos is abnormal protrusion of the eyeball or eyeballs. Differential diagnosis
Biography Born 30 December 1882 Apolda, Thüringen 1907 MD Jena 1910 Assistant at Heidelberg University eye clinic 1916 Head physician, Heidelberg 1919 Ausserordentlicher Professor Died 1948 Medical Eponyms Seidel Test (1921) – a test which uses sodium fluorescein to look for olcular leaks following trauma or surgery. Seidel Scotoma (Seidel sign) (1914) is an arcuate or […]
Bruno Otto Fleischer (1874 – 1965) was a German ophthalmologist.