Henri Hartmann

Henri Albert Hartmann (1860 – 1952)

Henri Albert Hartmann (1860 – 1952) was a French surgeon.

A true General surgeon writing papers ranging from war injuries to shoulder dislocations to gastrointestinal cancer.

Best known for the development of the proctosigmoidectomy for colon cancer and diverticulitis known eponymously as the Hartmann operation/procedure (1921)

Biography

  • Born 16 June 1860
  • Died 1 January 1952

Medical Eponyms

  • Hartmann pouch
  • Hartmann operation (1921)

Major Publications

Hartmann operation
Original
English

Il est de régle, pour l’extirpation des cancers de la partie terminale du côlon pelvien, de faire une opération actuellement encore très grave, l’amputation abdomino-périnéale du rectum. Chez deux maladies, colostomisés pour des accidents d’occlusion, je me suis, dans un deuxième temps, borné à extirper le segment de côlon intermédiaire é l’anus artificial et au rectum avec le territoire ganglionnaire correspondent. Puis j’ai fermé le bout supérieur du rectum et l’ai péritonisé, ne touchant pas au plancher périnéal.

Les suites de l’opération ont dans les deux cas été aussi simples que celles d’une opération d’appendcite à froid. La conservation d’un petit cul-de-sac rectal sus-sphinctérien n’a pas présenté le moindre inconvénient, mes opérations datent de 9 et de 10 mois; les maladies vont trés bien.

It is current practice to remove cancers of the terminal pelvic colon pelvis by way of a very major operation, namely an abdominal-perineal resection of the rectum. For two patients with colostomies following obstruction, I decided, upon reflection, to confine my excision to the segment of colon, with its accompanying ganglionic territory, proximal to the anus and rectum. Then I closed the superior part of the rectum and left it in the peritoneum without disturbing the perineal floor.

The practicalities of the operation itself in the two cases were as straightforward as removing a non-inflamed appendix. Leaving a rectal dead end did not present any inconveniences, and my patients are still very well, now 9 and 10 months post-operation respectively.

References


eponymictionary CTA

eponymictionary

the names behind the name

Emergency physician MA (Oxon) MBChB (Edin) FACEM FFSEM with a passion for rugby; medical history; medical education; and informatics. Asynchronous learning #FOAMed evangelist. Co-founder and CTO of Life in the Fast lane | Eponyms | Books | vocortex |

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