James Sherren (1872-1945) was a British General surgeon. Eponymously associated with Sherren triangle (appendix triangle of hyperaesthesia).
Sherren triangle (1905) – Lines joining the summit of the iliac crest, the pubic tubercle and umbilicus form “Sherren Triangle“. He refers to this area of skin hyperaesthesia met with obstructive appendicitis as an indication that the appendix is distended and may burst at any moment hence immediate surgery is needed.
While Britain breeds such men, her position in surgery remains assured” – A.M.A. Moore
- Born in 1872 in Weymouth, Dorset
- Went to sea, at age 13 as an apprentice in a four-masted ship. He was trained in both sail and steam. Obtained his Masters Mariner’s certificate at the age of 21
- Became interested in medicine when he served as an apprentice at sea and assisted the ship’s doctor as an anaesthetist
- 1894 – London Hospital Medical College
- 1900 – FRCS
- 1914-18 Served with War Office in World War I Colonel
- 1919 – Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire (CBE)
- 1926 – Quit hospital practice to become Ships surgeon
- 1939-1945 General surgeon at Cornelia and East Dorset Hospital, Poole
- Died 29 October 1945
- Ochsner-Sherren procedure (1902) Delayed treatment for appendicitis. [Bailey H 1930]
- Sherren triangle (1905) Area of skin hyperaesthesia bounded by lines joining anterior superior iliac spine, the pubic symphysis and umbilicus. One of myriad signs associated with acute appendicitis.[1905;74:833-844]
- Sherren J. The causation and treatment of Appendicitis. Practitioner, 1905;74:833-844
- Sherren J. Injuries of Nerves and Their Treatment, 1908
- Hutchison R, Sherren J. An Index of treatment, Bristol, 1908
- Head, Sir Henry, Rivers WHR, Sherren J. Studies in Neurology: in Conjunction With W.H.R. Rivers [and Others] – [Archive Text]
- Sherren J. Lectures on the Surgery of the Stomach and Duodenum, 1921
- Sherren J. An Address om appendicitis. Br Med J. 1925 Apr 18; 1(3355): 727–730 [PMC2226650]
- Biography: Sherren, James (1872 – 1945) Plarr’s Lives of the Fellows Online. Royal College of Surgeons of England.
- Moore AM, Moore MA. James Sherren – surgeon and sailor. Br J Surg, 1973;60: 841–846. doi:10.1002/bjs.1800601102
- Ochsner AJ. A Handbook of Appendicitis. Engelhard & Co., Chicago, 1902, page 110.
- Bailey H. The Ochsner-Sherren (Delayed) Treatment Of Acute Appendicitis: Indications And Technique. Br Med J 1930;1:140 [PDF]
- Sherren JC. Sherren’s of the World – pp 1-25
- Eponymythology: Appendicitis eponymous signs. LITFL