Jean-Martin Charcot

Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893)

Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893) was a French neurologist and anatomopathologist.


  • Born 29 November 1825
  • Died 16 August 1893

Medical Eponyms

Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (1886)

Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (spinal form of muscular atrophy) is the commonest disease within a group of conditions called Hereditary Motor and Sensory Neuropathies (HMSN).

  • Charcot disease (maladie de Charcot) (1868)
  • Charcot’s Triad (1879) – nystagmus, intention tremor and staccato speech, often associated with, but not pathognomonic for multiple sclerosis.
  • Charcot’s triad II (1877) – jaundice; fever; and right upper quadrant abdominal pain – associated with cholangitis. The addition of hypotension and mental status changes is known as Reynolds pentad

Key Medical Attributions


Major Publications


eponymictionary CTA


the person behind the name

Emergency physician MA (Oxon) MBChB (Edin) FACEM FFSEM with a passion for rugby; medical history; medical education; and informatics. Asynchronous learning #FOAMed evangelist. Co-founder and CTO of Life in the Fast lane | Eponyms | Books | vocortex |

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