Jean-Martin Charcot

Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893)

Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893) was a French neurologist and anatomopathologist.


Biography

  • Born 29 November 1825
  • Died 16 August 1893

Medical Eponyms

Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (1886)

Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (spinal form of muscular atrophy) is the commonest disease within a group of conditions called Hereditary Motor and Sensory Neuropathies (HMSN).

  • Charcot disease (maladie de Charcot) (1868)
  • Charcot’s Triad (1879) – nystagmus, intention tremor and staccato speech, often associated with, but not pathognomonic for multiple sclerosis.
  • Charcot’s triad II (1877) – jaundice; fever; and right upper quadrant abdominal pain – associated with cholangitis. The addition of hypotension and mental status changes is known as Reynolds pentad

Key Medical Attributions


Controversies


Major Publications


References


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the person behind the name

Emergency physician MA (Oxon) MBChB (Edin) FACEM FFSEM with a passion for rugby; medical history; medical education; and informatics. Asynchronous learning #FOAMed evangelist. Co-founder and CTO of Life in the Fast lane | Eponyms | Books | vocortex |

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