Leland Greene Hawkins (1933 – 1991) was an American orthopedic surgeon.
Hawkins established a classification system for talar neck fractures which revolutionized management and helped quantify the risk of progression to avascular necrosis
- Born 11 October 1933 Los Angeles, California
- 1956 – Bachelor’s degreeBeloit College , Wisconsin
- 1960 – Graduated medicine from the University of Chicago, School of Medicine
- 1961-1965 Orthopaedic surgery residency, University of Iowa
- 1965 – Masters thesis “A pathological and physiological investigation into a series of rabbits with fat embolism created by the intravenous administration of homogenized rabbit morrow.”
- 1965 – Initial 13 case review of lateral process fractures of the talus
- 1967 – Review of all talus fracture 1943-1967 at the University of Iowa leading to his seminal paper in 1970
- 1971 – Associate Professor of Orthopedic Surgery at the University of Colorado
- 1973 – Private practice Cedar Rapids, Iowa. President of the Iowa Medical Clinic and member of St. Luke’s Hospital and Mercy Hospital Medical staff
- Died 12 November 1991 Cedar Rapids, Iowa
Hawkins Classification of Talus fractures (1970)
Classification system for talar neck fractures. Hawkins originally described Types I-III in 1970 with Canale and Kelly adding Type IV in 1978
- Hawkins Type I: Nondisplaced talar neck fracture
- Hawkins Type II: Talar neck fracture with subtalar dislocation
- Hawkins Type III: Talar neck fracture with subtalar and tibiotalar dislocation
- Hawkins Type IV: Talar neck fracture with subtalar and tibiotalar and talonavicular dislocation
- Hawkins LG. Fractures of the neck of the talus. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1970; 52(5): 991-1002.
- Hawkins LG. Fractures of the lateral process of the talus. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1965; 47: 1170-5.
- Hawkins LG. Local Pasteurella multocida infections. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1969; 51(2): 362-6.
- Hawkins LG. Intravenous lidocaine anesthesia for upper extremity fractures and dislocations. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1970; 52(8): 1647-50. [PMID 5767325]
- Hawkins LG. Laparotomy at the time of pelvic fracture. J Trauma. 1970 Aug;10(8):619-23.
- Day MA, Compton JT, Buckwalter JA 5th. Leland G. Hawkins, MD-His Life and Orthopaedic Legacy: Talus Fractures and the Hawkins Classification. Iowa Orthop J. 2018;38:1-8.
- Obituary. Leland G. Hawkins. JAMA. 1992;267(12):1685-1686
- Eponymythology: Eponymous ankle and talus injuries. LITFL
the person behind the name