Léon Bouveret (1850-1929) was a French internal medicine physician

Bouveret provided, in 1889, the first description of paroxysmal tachycardia before the era of the electrocardiogram.

As a young doctor, Bouveret played an important role in the fight against cholera.

Léon Bouveret also remained famous for his writings, notably his “Traité des maladies de l’estomac” and his book entitled “La neurasthénie”. His name is epoymously affiliated with Maladie de Bouveret (1889) and Bouveret Syndrome (1895)


Biography
  • Born 1850
  • 1878 – Defended his doctoral thesis in Paris; moved to Lyon to work in the private clinic of Professor Raphaël Lépine (1840-1919) before joining the Civils Hospitals of Lyon.
  • Died 1929

Medical Eponyms
Maladie de Bouveret (1889)

Paroxysmal tachycardia with rapid onset and termination in the healthy patient

In 1889 he gave the first description of paroxysmal tachycardia in healthy heart patients with abrupt onset and termination (1). Nowadays, tachycardia that fit into this very first definition are numerous (see LITFL Chapter Supraventricular Tachycardia):

  • mainly reciprocal junctional intra-nodal reentry tachycardias (AVNRT that still named by excess “Bouveret’s disease” in France)
  • reciprocal junctional tachycardias by accessory bundle reentry (AVRT),
  • idiopathic flutters and atrial fibrillation,
  • atrial tachycardia,
  • certain so-called benign ventricular tachycardias (fascicular tachycardias, Belhassen’s Verapamil-Sensitive Ventricular Tachycardia or infundibular tachycardias).

Bouveret Syndrome (1895)

Bouveret syndrome is a rare form of gastric outlet obstruction caused by a large gallstone passing through a bilioduodenal fistula.

1893 – Bouveret’s Syndrome was named after the publication of his book on the gastric diseases (Traité des maladies de l’estomac in 1893, updated 1895 then published in Revue de médecine, Paris 1896) that consisting in obstruction of the stomach or duodenum by a gallstone that has migrated through a biliogastric or bilioduodenal fistula.


Key Medical Contributions

Major Publications

Controversies

The most classic description by Bouveret is quoted as “Stenose du pylore adherent a la vesicule. Revue médicale (Paris) 1896; 16: 1-16” – a reference repeated in the reference list of review papers since 1996. This paper does not exist. The real reference for contextual review exists in “Sténose du pylore adhérent à la vésicule calculeuse, Revue de médecine 1896; 16: 1-16


References

Biography

Eponymous terms

Bouveret syndrome (gastric)

Bouveret syndrome (cardiac)


Cite this article as: Nicolas Peschanski, Gary Zhang and Mike Cadogan, "Léon Bouveret," In: LITFL - Life in the FastLane, Accessed on May 19, 2022, https://litfl.com/leon-bouveret/.

eponym

the person behind the name

Prof. Nicolas Peschanski currently works as a Consultant in Emergency Medicine at the Urgences Adultes-SAMU-35 SMUR, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Rennes. Nicolas does research in Emergency Medicine at U1096 INSERM EnVI Normandy University research Unit. He's Associate Prof. teaching Clinical Medicine and Emergency Medicine at Rennes-1 University School of Medicine. Involved in the #FOAMed development, he is a current member of the french Society of Emergency Medicine Guideline Committee.

 

Doctor in Australia. Keen interest in internal medicine, medical education, and medical history.

Emergency physician MA (Oxon) MBChB (Edin) FACEM FFSEM with a passion for rugby; medical history; medical education; and asynchronous learning #FOAMed evangelist. Co-founder and CTO of Life in the Fast lane | Eponyms | Books | Twitter |

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