Otto Sprengel

Otto Gerhard Karl Sprengel (1852 – 1915) was a German surgeon.



Medical Eponyms

Sprengel deformity (1891)

Sprengel deformity is congenital elevation and rotation of the scapula. The abnormality may be unilateral or bilateral and occur in isolation or as a syndrome component. Autosomal dominant inheritance has been reported in a few families (Corno’s disease)

Key Medical Attributions

1898 Sprengel, on the basis of two resection preparations, showed conclusively that the clinical picture of adolescent coxa vara could result from traumatic separation of the capital epiphysis of the femur. He also showed that this separation could result from a relatively mild trauma. [Sprengel. 1898]

1912 – Sprengel stated that “stated that of twenty cases seen in his clinic not one entered with a correct diagnosis. Most of the cases that I have seen had been diagnosed as tuberculosis of the hip. The difficulty is that coxa vara is not even considered, rather than that the two conditions so closely resemble one another..” [Sprengel. 1912]

Major Publications


BA MA (Oxon) MBChB (Edin) FACEM FFSEM. Emergency physician, Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital.  Passion for rugby; medical history; medical education; and asynchronous learning #FOAMed evangelist. Co-founder and CTO of Life in the Fast lane | Eponyms | Books | Twitter |

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