Hyperosmolar sodium bicarbonate solutions are widely used in clinical toxicology both as an antidote to drugs that impair fast sodium channel function and as an alkalinising agent to manipulate drug distribution and excretion (salicylate and phenobarbitone). It is also used in profound metabolic acidosis with cyanide, isoniazid and toxic alcohol toxicity.
A 25 year-old male (70 kg) is brought in by ambulance 30 to 60 minutes after ingesting 70 x 50mg amitriptyline. He is tachycardic (HR 120) with an otherwise 'normal' ECG (QRS 95 ms) but is becoming drowsy. You are called to the resuscitation room to assess him.
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