Alessandro Lelli

Alessandro Lelli Lever test Knee ACL

Alessandro Lelli – Italian Orthopaedic Surgeon.

Specialist in arthroscopic and open knee surgery surgery performing over 18,000+ knee ligament reconstructions.

Epoynmously linked with the Lelli Test (Lever test) used as a clinical test for the diagnosis of Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture. 2019 study by McQuivey et al found that implementation of the lever sign in the ED setting resulted in a higher sensitivity, higher physician confidence in screening test diagnosis, and a decrease in the number of undiagnosed ACL ruptures.

  • 1980 – l’Università degli Studi di Bologna
  • 1982 – Orthopedic Consultant for Professional Basketball team Virtus Pallacanestro di Bologna
  • 1985 – Specialization in Orthopedics and Traumatology at l’Università degli Studi di Bologna
  • 1996 – Head of the arthroscopic knee surgery at l’Ospedale Villa Laura a Bologna
  • 2011 – XXth International Isokinetic Congress of Bologna, publication of the ‘Lelli test‘ for enhanced diagnosis of functional ACL disruption
  • 2013 – International Faculty for la chirurgia legamentosa e protesica
  • 2015 – Honorary Professor at the University of Shenzhen – China

Medical Eponyms
Lelli Test (2005)

Clinical test for the diagnosis of Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture:

  • Lelli test is carried out with patient in supine position, knee in full extension and heel touching the bed.
  • A clenched fist is placed beneath the proximal calf just distal to tibial tuberosity.
  • Gentle downwards pressure is applied over quadriceps tendon and the examiner looks to see if the heel ‘lifts off’ the bed.
  • The test is positive if there is no heel lift-off and indicates likely ACL disruption

Major Publications


eponymictionary CTA


the person behind the name

English doctor, Southamptom graduate BM BS, training in emergency medicine in Perth, Australia

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