Aubrey Hampton

Aubrey Otis Hampton (1900 – 1955) was an American Radiologist.

He specialised in chest radiology and pulmonary pathology, publishing numerous original radiological observations in pulmonary infarction, lipoid pneumonia, middle lobe diseases, and gastrointestinal pathologies.

Hampton is eponymously affiliated with Hampton hump (1940), describing radiograph findings of pulmonary embolism; and Hampton line (1956) on barium radiological studies to confirm benign gastric ulcers.

  • Born 1900 in Copeville, Texas
  • 1925 – Graduated medical studies from Baylor University Medical School in Texas
  • 1926-42 – Radiology training at Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston
  • 1941 – Chief of radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital
  • 1942-45 – Chief of radiology during World War II at Walter Reed Army Hospital in Washington, DC, then becoming radiological consultant following the war
  • 1945 – Worked at Garfield Hospital Department of Radiology in Washington
  • Designed a fellowship for radiologic pathology at the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, which was named the ‘Aubrey O. Hampton Fellowship of Radiological Pathology’ by the American Roentgen Ray Society in honour of his services
  • Died 17 July 1955 in Weare, New Hampshire

Medical Eponyms
Hampton hump (1940)

The Hampton hump is a well-defined pulmonary pleural based opacity representing haemorrhage and necrotic lung tissue in a region of pulmonary infarction caused by acute pulmonary embolism. The medial margin of the opacity frequently demonstrates a medial curved ‘hump‘ directed towards the heart.

22% sensitivity, 82% specificity, 29% PPV, 76% NPV PIOPED 1993

Other eponyms

Hampton line (1956) – on barium swallow, describes a well-defined, thin lucent line at the base of the gastric ulcer suggesting a benign lesion, which reflects the undermining of the submucosa, with preservation of the relatively resistant mucosa

Major Publications



the names behind the name

Doctor in Australia. Keen interest in internal medicine, medical education, and medical history.

BA MA (Oxon) MBChB (Edin) FACEM FFSEM. Emergency physician, Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital.  Passion for rugby; medical history; medical education; and asynchronous learning #FOAMed evangelist. Co-founder and CTO of Life in the Fast lane | Eponyms | Books | Twitter |

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