Eponymythology associated with chest X-ray signs in pulmonary embolus and pulmonary infarction. We review related eponyms, the person behind their origin, their relevance today, and modern terminology
Sir Vincent Zachary Cope (1881 – 1974) was a British physician and surgeon. Eponymously linked with Cope Psoas test and obturator test.
Nils Johan Hugo Westermark (1892 – 1980) was a Swedish radiologist. Westermark sign (1938) of relative oligemia on CXR in pulmonary embolism
Fleischner sign: prominent dilated central pulmonary artery. Enlargement can be associated with massive embolus enlarging the luminal diameter of the proximal artery in the acute setting; or pulmonary hypertension in the subacute to chronic setting
Henry Woltman (1889 – 1964) was an American neurologist. Eponym: Woltman sign of myxedema (1924/1956) published by Chaney
Palla sign (1983) right descending pulmonary artery enlargement and ‘sausage-shaped’ appearance as a potential sign of pulmonary embolism on chest XR
The Hampton hump is a well-defined pulmonary pleural based opacity representing hemorrhage and necrotic lung tissue in a region of pulmonary infarction caused by acute pulmonary embolism.
Chang sign (1965) Dilated descending pulmonary artery associated with pulmonary infarction and pulmonary hypertension following pulmonary embolism