Carl Schlatter

Carl Schlatter (1864 – 1934)

Carl Bernhard Schlatter (1864 – 1934) was a Swiss Surgeon.

Krönlein’s senior physician and first “trauma surgeon” at the Poliklinik des Kantonsspitals, Zürich. Professor of general surgery in Zurich, Switzerland, and performed the first total gastrectomy in 1897

Described the disease that partially bears his name (Osgood-Schlatter disease) in 1903, independently of Robert Bayley Osgood


  • Born 18 March 1864 in Wallisellen, Switzerland
  • 1889 – Doctorate in medicine from the University of Zurich
  • 1890 – Worked with Theodore Billroth (1829-1894)
  • 1893 – Poliklinik des Kantonsspitals, Zürich
  • 1895 – Habilitated for surgery at the University of Zurich
  • 1914-1915 – Surgeon in prison camps and then the Military Hospital of Stuttgart
  • 1923 – Professor of General. Surgery, Wound treatment, dressing teaching and accident medicine at the Poliklinik des Kantonsspitals Zürich until retiring in 1934
  • Died 19 March 1934 in Zürich, Switzerland

Medical Eponyms

Osgood-Schlatter disease (1903)

Osgood–Schlatter disease (OSD) is an osteochondrosis or traction apophysitis of the tibial tubercle. OSD is common during the early adolescent growth spurt between 10 and 15 years of age, particularly in children who participate in sports that involve running and jumping. It is more common in males and may affect both knees.

Schlatter published “Verletzungen des schnabelförmigen Forsatzes der oberen Tibiaepiphyse” [Injuries of the beak-shaped appendage of the upper tibial epiphysis] including his observations of 7 patients with separation of the anterior rostrate (beak) process from the upper tibia noting. The condition was often referred to as Schlatterschen Krankheit. He noted:

…these injuries represent a clinically sharply delineated profile of the disease whose symptom complex is in most cases simple and easy to diagnose without the use of radiographs

Schlatter 1903
Other Medical Eponyms
  • Schlatter operation (1897) gastrectomy with jejunostomy.

Major Publications


eponymictionary CTA


the person behind the name

Pre-med student at University of Western Australia studying medical sciences. Interests in medical history and orthopaedics

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