Robert Bayley Osgood (1873–1956)

Robert Bayley Osgood (1873–1956) was an American orthopedic surgeon.

A distinguished Boston orthopedic surgeon, a leader in US surgical effort in World War I and important in the founding of the British Orthopaedic Association

Described the disease that partially bears his name (Osgood-Schlatter disease) in 1903, independently of Carl B. Schlatter

  • Born on July 6, 1873 in Salem, Massachusetts
  • 1899 – Doctorate in Medicine from Harvard Medical School
  • 1900 – Roentgologist at Boston Children’s Hospital
  • 1906 – Orthopedic Surgery Service at Carney Hospital in Boston
  • Head of Orthopedic Surgery – Massachusetts General Hospital
  • Died on October 2, 1956 in Boston, Massachusetts

Medical Eponyms
Osgood-Schlatter disease (1903)

Osgood–Schlatter disease (OSD) is an osteochondrosis or traction apophysitis of the tibial tubercle. OSD is common during the early adolescent growth spurt between 10 and 15 years of age, particularly in children who participate in sports that involve running and jumping. It is more common in males and may affect both knees.

Osgood wrote about bone changes on the tibial tubercle with a review of 10 patients in his time as a roentgenologist at Boston Children’s Hospital. “Lesions of the tibial tubercle occurring during adolescence” published in the Boston Medical and Surgical Journal.

It is possible, however, to have a partial separation of the tubercle and the interference with normal function be so slight that the condition is often unrecognized and the diagnosis made of a bursitis or a periostitis, or even a joint fringe (see fig 5, 6). The x-ray evidence of this is apparently indisputable and the clinical picture absolutely consistent with the true condition.

Osgood 1903

Major Publications



Eponymous terms


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