British by birth and training he emigrated to Canada in 1875 to become Professor of anatomy at McGill University. Pioneered the teaching of dermatology in Canada serving as President of the Canadian branch of the British Dermatological Society (1928)
Eponymously associated with Shepherd fracture – posterior talar process fracture with injury to the lateral tubercle caused by inversion or extreme equinus in 1882
- Born on November 25, 1851
- 1869-1873 Faculty of Medicine, McGill University.
- 1874-1875 St Thomas’s Hospital passed the MRCS; Vienna studying dermatology under von Hebra (1816–1880).
- 1875-1883 Demonstrator of anatomy at McGill University with his friend and contemporary, Sir William Osler.
- 1883-1913 Lecturer then Professor in Anatomy, McGill University
- 1901 – President of the Canadian Medical Association
- 1902 – Chief surgeon at Montreal General Hospital; Professor of Surgery McGill University
- 1905 – Honorary Fellowship of the Royal College of Surgeons in Edinburgh
- 1906-1910 President of the Montreal Art Association
- 1908-1914 Dean of the Faculty of Medicine, McGill University
- Emeritus Dean of Medicine at McGill University
- Died on January 18, 1929
Shepherd fracture (1882)
Posterior talar process fracture with injury to the lateral tubercle caused by inversion or extreme equinus
Described by Francis John Shepherd (1851-1929), in 1882, initially as a single dissection and later as a series of three such fractures.
Last year I exhibited to this Society (Medico-Chirurgical Society of Montreal) a specimen of fracture of the astragalus (talus) found in a subject in the dissecting-room. Since then I have examined the condition of the astragalus in every subject dissected, and have been fortunate enough to obtain two more examples of the same fracture.
The fractured portion is the little process of bone external to the groove for the tendon of the flexor longs hallucis muscle: This process is on the posterior border of the astragalus, and overhangs the os calcis. To it is attached the posterior fasciculus of the external lateral ligamnet of the ankle-joint; called sometimes the posterior peroneo-tarsal ligament. Judging from the appearance of the fracture, it would seem that the process of bone is torn off by the ligament being put on the stretch in some twist of the foot.
May not this fracture account for some cases of sprained ankles which are so slow to recover, and which occasionally leave permanent lameness, or at any rate weakness? In such cases as I have described, it is probable that any motion of the foot (as flexion and twisting out) which puts the posterior peroneo-tarsal ligament on the stretch would be painful.Shepherd 1882
**Cedell fracture – posterior talar process fracture with injury to the medial tubercle caused by forced dorsiflexion and pronation
- Shepherd FJ. A Hitherto Undescribed Fracture of the Astragalus (talus). J Anat Physiol. 1882; 17(Pt 1): 79–81.
- Shepherd FJ. Excision of the Bones of the Tarsus for Tubercular Disease. Ann Surg. 1886; 4(4): 293–298.
- Shepherd FJ. A Hitherto Undescribed Anomaly of the Lingual Artery. Ann Surg. 1889; 9(5): 331–332.
- Shepherd FJ. Successful Case of Trephining for Meningeal Hæmorrhage: Ligature of the Carotid. Br Med J. 1896; 1(1841): 905–906.
- Shepherd FJ. Biographical Sketch: Sir William Osler. Can Med Assoc J. 1920; 10(Spec Iss): 19–23.
- Shepherd FJ. Address on Surgery. Can Med Assoc J. 1915; 5(9): 757–766.
- Shepherd FJ. The Osler Oration. Can Med Assoc J. 1929; 21(2): 131–137.
- McDermot HE. History of Canadian surgery: Francis J. Shepherd. Can J Surg 1957; 1: 5-7
- Howell WB. Francis John Shepherd – surgeon, his life and times 1851-1919. Can Med Assoc J. 1929 Feb; 20(2): 210-212.
- Biography: Shepherd, Francis John (1851 – 1929). Plarr’s Lives of the Fellows Online. Royal College of Surgeons of England.
- McKennedy C. Shepherd fracture. Eponym A Day. Instagram
- Eponymythology: Eponymous ankle and talus injuries. LITFL
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