Frederic Jay Cotton

Frederic Jay Cotton (1869–1939)

Frederic Jay Cotton (1869 – 1939) was an American Orthopedic Surgeon.

Eponymously affiliated with the Cotton fracture (trimalleolar fracture) and Cotton-Loader postion (extreme palmar flexion and ulnar deviation in closed reduction of distal radius fractures)

Cotton contributed extensively to the literature on fractures and dislocations. He collaborated on ‘Treatise on Orthopedic Surgery‘ (Bradford EHH, Lovett RW.) and ‘The treatment of fractures’ (Scudder CL) prior to publication of his own tome in 1910 ‘Dislocations and Joint Fractures

  • Born 24 September 1869 Newport, Rhode Island
  • 1890 – Graduated Harvard College
  • 1894 – AM MD, Harvard Medical School
  • 1894-1897 studied bacteriology in New York, Vienna. Established the laboratory of bacteriology at the Infants Hospital
  • 1898 – Surgeon in the Spanish–American War
  • 1902-1932 Surgeon to outpatients at the City Hospital
  • 1917 – WW I, Major in the United States Army
  • Professor of surgery at Tufts College Medical School, Boston
  • Died 14 April 1938, Boston

Medical Eponyms
Cotton fracture (1915)

Fracture of the ankle involving the lateral malleolus, medial malleolus and distal posterior aspect of the tibia (posterior malleolus). [aka *trimalleolar fracture ]

  • Cotton-Loder position (extreme palmar flexion and ulnar deviation in closed reduction of distal radius fractures)

Major Publications


eponymictionary CTA


the person behind the name

Dr Ronan McKenna, MB BCh BAO at National University of Ireland Galway. Living in Australia with  plans for a future in Emergency Medicine. A keen interest in Medical History, Wilderness Medicine and Sport.

Emergency physician MA (Oxon) MBChB (Edin) FACEM FFSEM with a passion for rugby; medical history; medical education; and informatics. Asynchronous learning #FOAMed evangelist. Co-founder and CTO of Life in the Fast lane | Eponyms | Books | vocortex |

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