Henri-Louis Roger (1809 – 1891) was a French paediatrician.
Eponymously affiliated with the Bruit de Roger (Roger’s murmur) and Maladie de Roger (Roger’s disease) – congenital, small, asymptomatic defect of the septum between the ventricles of the heart.
In 1879, Roger concluded (based on very few of his own cases) that patients with the murmur associated with ventricular septal defect demonstrated striking physical signs but no symptoms. Roger was the first to correlate the clinical and pathological findings of interventricular septal defect.
- Born January 6 1809, in Paris, France
- 1833 – Began internship at hospitals in Paris
- 1839 – Achieved his doctorate with a dissertation titled De l’auscultation et se valeur semiologique. This described auscultation and the diagnosis of chest diseases based on rales.
- 1847 – Became agrégé (professional standing) at the medical faculty of Paris
- 1860 – Commenced at the Hôpital Sainte-Eugénie
- 1862 – Elected into Académie de Médecine (Academy of Medicine)
- 1876 – President of the General Association of Medicine of France
- 1880 – Elected President of Académie de Médecine
- Died November 15, 1891
- Bruit de Roger (Roger’s murmur) – holosystolic murmur due to a ventricular septal defect
- Maladie de Roger (Roger’s disease) – congenital, small, asymptomatic defect of the septum between the ventricles of the heart.
Maladie de Roger (misnomer) -The view of Roger (1879), that all lone ventricular septal defects produced striking physical signs but no symptoms, was limited by the circumstances of his time, but was a widely accepted medical error.
- Barth, JBP, Roger H. A manual of auscultation and percussion. 1866
- Barth, JBP, Roger H. A practical treatise on auscultation. 1842
- Roger H. Recherches cliniques sur la communication congénitale des deux coeurs, par inocclusion du septum interventriculaire. Bull Acad Med 1879;8:1074-94.
- Roger H. Recherches cliniques sur la communication congenitale des deux coeurs, par inocclusion du septum interventriculaire. Bulletin de l’Academie de Medecine, 1879. 2me serie, VIII, 1074-94 and 1189-1191.
- Henri-Louis Roger (1809-1891): Roger’s Disease. JAMA. 1970 Jul 20;213(3):456-7. [PMID: 4912736]
- Campbell M. Natural history of ventricular septal defect. Br Heart J. 1971 Mar; 33(2): 246–257. [PMC487172]
- Berry D. History of cardiology: Henri Louis Roger, MD. Circulation. 2006 Oct 31;114(18):f172. [PMID 17078128]
- Ma I, Tierney LM. Name that murmur–eponyms for the astute auscultician. N Engl J Med. 2010 Nov 25;363(22):2164-8.[PMID 21105801]
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