Henri-Louis Roger (1809 – 1891) was a French paediatrician.
Roger is eponymously affiliated with the Bruit de Roger (Roger’s murmur) and Maladie de Roger (Roger’s disease) – congenital, small, asymptomatic defect of the septum between the ventricles of the heart.
In 1879, Roger concluded (based on very few of his own cases) that patients with the murmur associated with ventricular septal defect demonstrated striking physical signs but no symptoms. Roger was the first to correlate the clinical and pathological findings of interventricular septal defect.
- Born on January 6, 1809, in Paris, France
- 1833 – Began internship at hospitals in Paris
- 1839 – Achieved his doctorate with a dissertation titled De l’auscultation et se valeur semiologique. This described auscultation and the diagnosis of chest diseases based on rales.
- 1847 – Became agrégé (professional standing) at the medical faculty of Paris
- 1860 – Commenced at the Hôpital Sainte-Eugénie
- 1862 – Elected into Académie de Médecine (Academy of Medicine)
- 1876 – President of the General Association of Medicine of France
- 1880 – Elected President of Académie de Médecine
- Died on November 15, 1891
Bruit de Roger (Roger’s murmur) (1879)
Holosystolic murmur associated with ventricular septal defect. Roger provided the first clinicopathological overview, through the correlation of his autopsy findings of interventricular defects with the murmurs previously documented in patients’ records.
… a murmur loud and long; it is single, begins at systole and is prolonged so as to hide the natural tic-tac; it has its maximum… in the upper third of the precardial region; it is median, like the septum itself
Maladie de Roger (Roger’s disease) – congenital, small, asymptomatic defect of the septum between the ventricles of the heart.
Maladie de Roger (misnomer): The view of Roger (1879), that all lone ventricular septal defects produced striking physical signs but no symptoms, was limited by the circumstances of his time, but was a widely accepted medical error.
- Barth, JBP, Roger H. A practical treatise on auscultation. 1842
- Barth, JBP, Roger H. A manual of auscultation and percussion. 1866
- Roger H. Recherches cliniques sur la communication congenitale des deux coeurs, par inocclusion du septum interventriculaire. Bulletin de l’Academie de Medecine, 1879. 2me serie, VIII, 1074-94, 1189-1191.
- Berry D. History of cardiology: Henri Louis Roger, MD. Circulation. 2006 Oct 31;114(18):f172.
- Bibliography. Roger, Henri 1809-1891. WorldCat Identities
- Henri-Louis Roger (1809-1891): Roger’s Disease. JAMA. 1970 Jul 20;213(3):456-7.
- Campbell M. Natural history of ventricular septal defect. Br Heart J. 1971 Mar; 33(2): 246–257.
- Ma I, Tierney LM. Name that murmur–eponyms for the astute auscultician. N Engl J Med. 2010 Nov 25;363(22):2164-8
- Robbins A, Zhang G. Name that murmur. LITFL 2019
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