Henri Victor Chaput

Henri Chaput

Victor Alexandre Henri Chaput (1857 – 1919) was a French Surgeon.

Proponent of lumbar anaesthetics using stovaine (epidural anaesthesia) in place of general anaesthesia for many surgical operations. At the forefront of surgical aseptic techniques advocating the use of sterile rubber gloves (Les gants de Chaput) during operations (1899)

French surgeon specialising in intestinal surgery. Eponymously affiliated with Tillaux-Chaput fracture (1907)


Biography

  • Born 17 November 1857
  • 1885 – Medical doctorate, Paris. Thesis ‘Des fractures anciennes de la rotule
  • 1888 – Surgeon at Hôpitaux Broussais, Boucicaut
  • Died 1919

Medical Eponyms

Tillaux-Chaput fracture (1907)

Fracture of the anterolateral tibial epiphysis commonly seen in adolescents. (Salter-Harris III tibial fracture). Usually associated with forced lateral rotation of the foot or medial rotation of the leg on a fixed foot. This rotational injury results in avulsion of the anterior tibiofibular ligament at the lateral epiphysis. Often misdiagnosed as a simple sprain in adolescents.

Chaput was the first to demonstrate a roentgenogram of a fracture in the dorsal lip of the tibia. He suggested that it was frequently observed as a complication of malleolar fractures. [Les fractures malléolaires du cou-de-pied et les accidents du travail – 1907]. He subsequently he observed it 42 times in 136 fractures of the ankle. [De la reduction des fractures malléolaires compliquées de luxation du pied – 1913]


Other eponyms

Les gants de Chaput – surgical gloves impermeable and autoclave sterilizable (designed by Terrilon 1899). Presented to surgical society 1901. Designed to enhance aseptic technique rather than the gloves presented by Halstead which were primarily for dermal protection

how to put on gants de Chaput

Major Publications


References


eponymictionary CTA

eponym

the person behind the name

Emergency physician MA (Oxon) MBChB (Edin) FACEM FFSEM with a passion for rugby; medical history; medical education; and informatics. Asynchronous learning #FOAMed evangelist. Co-founder and CTO of Life in the Fast lane | Eponyms | Books | vocortex |

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