Henri Victor Chaput

Victor Alexandre Henri Chaput (1857 – 1919) was a French Surgeon.

Proponent of lumbar anaesthetics using stovaine (epidural anaesthesia) in place of general anaesthesia for many surgical operations. At the forefront of surgical aseptic techniques advocating the use of sterile rubber gloves (Les gants de Chaput) during operations (1899)

French surgeon specialising in intestinal surgery. Eponymously affiliated with Tillaux-Chaput fracture (1907)


Biography
  • Born on November 17, 1857
  • 1885 – Medical doctorate, Paris. Thesis ‘Des fractures anciennes de la rotule
  • 1888 – Surgeon at Hôpitaux Broussais, Boucicaut
  • Died 1919

Medical Eponyms
Tillaux-Chaput fracture (1907)

Fracture of the anterolateral tibial epiphysis commonly seen in adolescents. (Salter-Harris III tibial fracture). Usually associated with forced lateral rotation of the foot or medial rotation of the leg on a fixed foot. This rotational injury results in avulsion of the anterior tibiofibular ligament at the lateral epiphysis. Often misdiagnosed as a simple sprain in adolescents.

Chaput was the first to demonstrate a roentgenogram of a fracture in the dorsal lip of the tibia. He suggested that it was frequently observed as a complication of malleolar fractures. [Les fractures malléolaires du cou-de-pied et les accidents du travail – 1907]. He subsequently he observed it 42 times in 136 fractures of the ankle. [De la reduction des fractures malléolaires compliquées de luxation du pied – 1913]


Chaput tubercle

Insertion site of anterior inferior tibiofibular ligament (AITFL) on the anterolateral portion of the tibia

AITFL PITFL anatomical tubercles 2020 3D CT
Specimen photographs and 3D CT images of the ankle. Anterior and posterior views. AITFL = anterior inferior tibiofibular ligament; PITFL = posterior inferior tibiofibular ligament. Modified from Kikuchi S et al 2020

Les gants de Chaput – surgical gloves impermeable and autoclave sterilizable (designed by Terrilon 1899). Presented to surgical society 1901. Designed to enhance aseptic technique rather than the gloves presented by Halstead which were primarily for dermal protection


Major Publications

References

Biography

Eponymous terms


eponymictionary CTA

eponym

the person behind the name

Emergency physician MA (Oxon) MBChB (Edin) FACEM FFSEM with a passion for rugby; medical history; medical education; and asynchronous learning #FOAMed evangelist. Co-founder and CTO of Life in the Fast lane | Eponyms | Books | Twitter |

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