History of Emergency Medicine


“The history of emergency medicine in Australia and New Zealand has paralleled developments in the United States, Canada and the United Kingdom, although the models of emergency care exhibit some variation between systems, and between institutions within these systems” (ACEM website)


  • 1967 — first full time Director of a ‘Casualty Department’ in Australia was appointed in Geelong, Victoria
  • 1981 — Australasian Society for Emergency Medicine was established
  • 1984 — Australasian College for Emergency Medicine was incorporated by 73 founding Fellows to improve standards and training
  • 1984 — first Primary Examination testing the basic sciences of Anatomy, Pathology, Physiology and Pharmacology
  • 1986 — first Fellowship Examination,(a six part clinical exit examination) with eight successful candidates
  • 1989 — first issue of ‘Emergency Medicine Australasia’ copublished by ACEM and ASEM.
  • 1991 — ACEM submitted an application to the National Specialist Qualification Advisory Committee for recognition as a principal specialty
  • 1993 — Commonwealth Minister for Health approved the recognition of emergency medicine as a principal specialty effective 8 August 1993
  • 1993 — ACEM established the Emergency Medicine Research Foundation
  • 1995 — emergency medicine was recognised as a medical specialty in New Zealand in November 1995
  • 1996 — first Professor of Emergency Medicine, at the University of Western Australia (George Jelinek)

References and Links

Journal articles and Textbooks

Social media and web resources

CCC 700 6

Critical Care


Chris is an Intensivist and ECMO specialist at the Alfred ICU in Melbourne. He is also a Clinical Adjunct Associate Professor at Monash University. He is a co-founder of the Australia and New Zealand Clinician Educator Network (ANZCEN) and is the Lead for the ANZCEN Clinician Educator Incubator programme. He is on the Board of Directors for the Intensive Care Foundation and is a First Part Examiner for the College of Intensive Care Medicine. He is an internationally recognised Clinician Educator with a passion for helping clinicians learn and for improving the clinical performance of individuals and collectives.

After finishing his medical degree at the University of Auckland, he continued post-graduate training in New Zealand as well as Australia’s Northern Territory, Perth and Melbourne. He has completed fellowship training in both intensive care medicine and emergency medicine, as well as post-graduate training in biochemistry, clinical toxicology, clinical epidemiology, and health professional education.

He is actively involved in in using translational simulation to improve patient care and the design of processes and systems at Alfred Health. He coordinates the Alfred ICU’s education and simulation programmes and runs the unit’s education website, INTENSIVE.  He created the ‘Critically Ill Airway’ course and teaches on numerous courses around the world. He is one of the founders of the FOAM movement (Free Open-Access Medical education) and is co-creator of litfl.com, the RAGE podcast, the Resuscitology course, and the SMACC conference.

His one great achievement is being the father of three amazing children.

On Twitter, he is @precordialthump.

| INTENSIVE | RAGE | Resuscitology | SMACC

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