Jaundice Hot Case

GENERAL APPROACH

  • Acute, Chronic or Acute on Chronic Liver Disease
  • Pre
  • Intra
  • Post

INTRODUCTION

CUBICLE

  • dialysis machine – evidence of multi-organ failure
  • Level 1 infuser – significant bleeding
  • malena

INFUSIONS

  • blood products
  • octreotide
  • 10% dextrose
  • terlipressin

VENTILATOR

  • strategy (protective lung ventilation c/o multiorgan failure)

MONITOR

  • ICP monitoring for severe hepatic encephalopathy
  • CVP (number, waveform)
  • cardiac output monitoring (high Q, low SVR)

EQUIPMENT

  • Senktstaken-Blackmore tube
  • blood in nasogastric

QUESTION SPECIFIC EXAMINATION

  • hands -> head -> chest -> abdo -> feet -> back

-> cardiovascular
-> respiratory
-> abdominal (organomegally, ascites)

  • neurological

-> paralysed
-> quick examination
-> unconscious
-> conscious

  • chronic liver disease signs
  • IV track marks
  • liver size
  • splenomegaly
  • lymphadenopathy

RELEVANT INVESTIGATIONS

  • U/S
  • hepatotoxics
  • glucose measurements
  • urine output
  • PR (blood, haemorrhoids)
  • ABG
  • haematology
  • biochemistry
  • coagulation (prior to coagulation factors)

OPENING STATEMENT

  • State whether acute, chronic or acute on chronic
  • List clinical evidence for precipitation

CCC 700 6

Critical Care

Compendium

Chris is an Intensivist and ECMO specialist at the Alfred ICU in Melbourne. He is also the Innovation Lead for the Australian Centre for Health Innovation at Alfred Health and Clinical Adjunct Associate Professor at Monash University. He is a co-founder of the Australia and New Zealand Clinician Educator Network (ANZCEN) and is the Lead for the ANZCEN Clinician Educator Incubator programme. He is on the Board of Directors for the Intensive Care Foundation and is a First Part Examiner for the College of Intensive Care Medicine. He is an internationally recognised Clinician Educator with a passion for helping clinicians learn and for improving the clinical performance of individuals and collectives.

After finishing his medical degree at the University of Auckland, he continued post-graduate training in New Zealand as well as Australia’s Northern Territory, Perth and Melbourne. He has completed fellowship training in both intensive care medicine and emergency medicine, as well as post-graduate training in biochemistry, clinical toxicology, clinical epidemiology, and health professional education.

He is actively involved in in using translational simulation to improve patient care and the design of processes and systems at Alfred Health. He coordinates the Alfred ICU’s education and simulation programmes and runs the unit’s education website, INTENSIVE.  He created the ‘Critically Ill Airway’ course and teaches on numerous courses around the world. He is one of the founders of the FOAM movement (Free Open-Access Medical education) and is co-creator of litfl.com, the RAGE podcast, the Resuscitology course, and the SMACC conference.

His one great achievement is being the father of two amazing children.

On Twitter, he is @precordialthump.

| INTENSIVE | RAGE | Resuscitology | SMACC

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